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Colaboradores
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James L. Abbruzzese, MD

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Chief, Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine; Associate Director, Clinical Research, Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, North Carolina [120e]

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Manal F. Abdelmalek, MD, MPH

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [364]

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Jamil Aboulhosn, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine; Director Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [282]

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John C. Achermann, MD, PhD, MB

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Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow in Clinical Science, University College London; Professor of Paediatric Endocrinology, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom [410]

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John W. Adamson, MD

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Clinical Professor, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, California [77, 126]

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Rizwan Ahmed, MD

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General Surgery Resident, Department of General Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland [353, 354]

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Praveen Akuthota, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [310]

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Anthony A. Amato, MD

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Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Vice-Chairman, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [459-462e]

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Michael J. Aminoff, MD, DSc, FRCP

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Professor of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [30, 31, 442e]

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Neil M. Ampel, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Arizona; Staff Physician, Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Tucson, Arizona [237]

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Kenneth C. Anderson, MD

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Kraft Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [136, 138e]

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Rosa M. Andrade, MD

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Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California [247]

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Elliott M. Antman, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Associate Dean for Clinical/Translational Research, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [293, 295]

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Frederick R. Appelbaum, MD

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Director, Division of Clinical Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington [139e]

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Cesar A. Arias, MD, PhD, MSc

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics; Director, Laboratory for Antimicrobial Research, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas; Director, Molecular Genetics and Antimicrobial Unit; Co-Director, International Center for Microbial Genomics, Universidad, El Bosque, Bogota, Colombia [174]

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Wiebke Arlt, MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci

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Professor of Medicine, Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham; Consultant Endocrinologist, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom [406]

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Katrina Armstrong, MD, MS

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Jackson Professor of Clinical Medicine, Physician in Chief, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston Massachusetts [4]

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Valder R. Arruda, MD, PhD

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Associate Professor, Division of Hematology, Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [141]

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Andrew W. Artenstein, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; Adjunct Professor of Medicine and Health Services, Policy and Practice, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; Chair, Department of Medicine, Baystate Health, Springfield, Massachusetts [152e]

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Anthony Atala, MD

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Professor and Director, Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina [92e]

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John C. Atherton, MD, FRCP

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Professor of Gastroenterology and Dean of the School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom [188]

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Paul S. Auerbach, MD, MS, FACEP, FAWM

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Redich Family Professor of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California [474]

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K. Frank Austen, MD

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AstraZeneca Professor of Respiratory and Inflammatory Diseases, Director, Inflammation and Allergic Diseases Research Section, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [376]

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Eric H. Awtry, MD

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Cardiology Division, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [289e, 290e]

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Jamil Azzi, MD

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Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [337]

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Bruce R. Bacon, MD

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James F. King, MD Endowed Chair in Gastroenterology; Professor of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University Liver Center, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [365, 367e]

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Lindsey R. Baden, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [215e]

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Natalie J. Badowski, MD

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Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California [474]

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John R. Balmes, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco; Professor, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley; Chief, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [311]

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Manisha Balwani, MD, MS

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Assistant Professor, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, New York, New York [430]

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Peter A. Banks, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [370, 371]

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Robert L. Barbieri, MD

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Kate Macy Ladd Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [8]

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Alan G. Barbour, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California [209]

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Joanne M. Bargman, MD, FRCPC

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Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto; Staff Nephrologist, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada [335]

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Tamar F. Barlam, MD, MSc

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Infectious Disease Section, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [147, 183e]

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Peter J. Barnes, DM, DSc, FMedSci, FRS

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Head of Respiratory Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom [309]

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Richard J. Barohn, MD

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Chairman, Department of Neurology; Gertrude and Dewey Ziegler Professor of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas [459]

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Rebecca M. Baron, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [154, 312]

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Miriam Baron Barshak, MD

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Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [154, 159, 312]

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Shehzad Basaria, MD

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Men’s Health: Aging and Metabolism, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [7e]

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Robert C. Basner, MD

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Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [Apéndice]

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Buddha Basnyat, MD, MSc, FACP, FRCP (Edinburgh)

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Director, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Patan Academy of Health Sciences; Medical Director, Nepal International Clinic, Kathmandu, Nepal [476e]

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Shari S. Bassuk, ScD

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Epidemiologist, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [413]

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John F. Bateman, PhD

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Director, Cell Biology, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia [427]

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David W. Bates, MD, MSc

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, General Internal Medicine and Primary Care Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Medical Director, Clinical and Quality Analysis, Partners HealthCare System, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts [12e]

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Robert P. Baughman, MD

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [390]

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M. Flint Beal, MD

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University Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience; Neurologist, New York Presbyterian Hospital; Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York [444e, 455]

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Laurence H. Beck, MD, PhD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [340]

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Christian D. Becker, MD, PhD, FCCP

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Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York, New York [485e]

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Nicholas J. Beeching, MA, BM BCh, FRCP, FRACP, FFTM RCPS(Glasg), DCH, DTM&H

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Senior Lecturer (Clinical) in Infectious Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine; Clinical Director, Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital; NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Liverpool; Honorary Consultant, Public Health England and Honorary Civilian Consultant in Infectious Diseases, Army Medical Directorate, United Kingdom [194e]

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Doron Behar, MD, PhD

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Institute of Genetics, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel [85e]

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Robert S. Benjamin, MD

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P. H. and Faye E. Robinson Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Department of Sarcoma Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [119e]

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Michael H. Bennett, MD, MBBS, MM (Clin Epi)

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Conjoint Associate Professor in Anesthesia and Hyperbaric Medicine; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales; Academic Head of Department, Wales Anaesthesia, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia [477e]

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Edward J. Benz, Jr., MD

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Richard and Susan Smith Professor of Medicine; Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School; President and CEO, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Director and Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center; Boston, Massachusetts [127]

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Jean Bergounioux, MD, PhD, PhC

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Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin, Garches, France [191]

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John L. Berk, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Clinical Director, Amyloidosis Center, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [137]

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Aaron S. Bernstein, MD, MPH

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Instructor, Harvard Medical School; Associate Director, Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard School of Public Health; Pediatric Hospitalist, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [151e]

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Joseph R. Betancourt, MD, MPH

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, The Disparities Solutions Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [16e]

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Atul K. Bhan, MD, MBBS

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Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [366e]

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Shalender Bhasin, MBBS

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Research Program in Men’s Health: Aging and Metabolism; Director, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center; Site Director, Harvard Catalyst Clinical Research Center at BWH, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [7e, 411]

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Deepak L. Bhatt, MD, MPH

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief of Cardiology, VA Boston Healthcare System; Senior Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Senior Investigator, TIMI Study Group, Boston, Massachusetts [296e, 297e]

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Roby P. Bhattacharyya, MD, PhD

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Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [146]

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David R. Bickers, MD

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Carl Truman Nelson Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [75]

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Henry J. Binder, MD

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Professor Emeritus of Medicine, Senior Research Scientist, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut [349, 350e]

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William R. Bishai, MD, PhD

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Professor and Co-Director, Center for Tuberculosis Research, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [175]

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Bruce R. Bistrian, MD, PhD, MPH

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Clinical Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [98e]

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Martin J. Blaser, MD

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Muriel and George Singer Professor of Medicine; Professor of Microbiology; Director, Human Microbiome Program, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York [188, 192]

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Chantal P. Bleeker-Rovers, MD, PhD

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Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [26]

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Gijs Bleijenberg, PhD

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Professor Emeritus, Expert Centre for Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [464e]

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Clara D. Bloomfield, MD

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Distinguished University Professor; William G. Pace, III Professor of Cancer Research; Cancer Scholar and Senior Advisor, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center; Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, Ohio [132]

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Richard S. Blumberg, MD

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Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [351]

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Jean L. Bolognia, MD

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Professor, Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [72]

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Joseph V. Bonventre, MD, PhD

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Samuel A. Levine Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Renal Division; Chief, Division of Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [333e, 334]

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George J. Bosl, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College; Chair, Department of Medicine; Patrick M. Byrne Chair in Clinical Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [116]

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Joshua A. Boyce, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics; Albert L. Sheffer Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Inflammation and Allergic Disease Research Section, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [376]

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Eugene Braunwald, MD, MA (Hon), ScD (Hon), FRCP

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Distinguished Hersey Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Founding Chairman, TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [50, 288, 294]

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Irwin M. Braverman, MD

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Professor Emeritus; Senior Research Scientist, Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [72]

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Otis W. Brawley, MD, FACP

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Professor of Hematology, Medical Oncology, Medicine and Epidemiology, Emory University; Chief Medical and Scientific Officer, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia [100]

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Joel G. Breman, MD, DTPH

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Senior Scientific Advisor, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [248, 250e]

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George J. Brewer, MD

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Morton S. and Henrietta K. Sellner Emeritus, Professor of Human Genetics, Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School; Senior Vice President for Research and Development, Adeona Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan [429]

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Josephine P. Briggs, MD

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Director, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland [14e]

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F. Richard Bringhurst, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [423]

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Steven M. Bromley, MD

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Director, Outpatient Services, Virtua Neuroscience, Voorhees, New Jersey; Director, Bromley Neurology, PC, Audubon, New Jersey [42]

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Darron R. Brown, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, Division of Infectious Diseases, Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [222]

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Kevin E. Brown, MD, MRCp, FRCPath

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Virus Reference Department, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom [221]

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Robert H. Brown, Jr., MD, PhD

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Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [452, 462e]

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Amy E. Bryant, PhD

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Affiliate Assistant Professor, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Research Scientist, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho [179]

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Christopher M. Burns, MD

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Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [431e]

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David M. Burns, MD

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Professor Emeritus, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California [470]

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Stephen B. Calderwood, MD

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Morton N. Swartz, MD Academy Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology), Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [160]

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Michael Camilleri, MD

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Atherton and Winifred W. Bean Professor; Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Physiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [55]

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Christopher P. Cannon, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [294]

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Jonathan R. Carapetis, MBBS, PhD, FRACP, FAFPHM

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Director, Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia [381]

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Kathryn M. Carbone, MD

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Deputy Scientific Director, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, Maryland [231e]

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Brian I. Carr, MD, PhD, FRCP

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IRCCS de Bellis National Center for GI Diseases, Castellana Grotte, BA, Italy [111]

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John D. Carter, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology; Director, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida [384]

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Arturo Casadevall, MD, PhD

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Chair, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York [239]

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Agustin Castellanos, MD, FACC, FAHA

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Professor of Medicine; Director, Clinical Electrophysiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Miami, Florida [327]

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Bartolome R. Celli, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Staff Physician, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [323]

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Murali Chakinala, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [279]

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Anil Chandraker, MBChB, FRCP

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation; Interim Director, Schuster Family Transplantation Research Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [337]

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Lan X. Chen, MD, PhD

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Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [395]

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Yuan-Tsong Chen, MD, PhD

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Duke University Medical Center, Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Durham, North Carolina [433e]

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Glenn M. Chertow, MD, MPH

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Norman S. Coplon/Satellite Healthcare Professor of Medicine; Chief, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California [336]

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John S. Child, MD, FACC, FAHA, FASE

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Streisand Professor of Medicine and Cardiology; Director, Ahmanson-UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center; Director, UCLA Adult Noninvasive Cardiodiagnostics Laboratory Ronald Reagan-UCLA Medical Center, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California [282]

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Augustine M. K. Choi, MD

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Chairman, Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Physician-in-Chief, New York-Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York [305, 307, 322]

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Raymond T. Chung, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Hepatology and Liver Center; Vice Chief, Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [368]

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Jeffrey W. Clark, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Clinical Trials Core, Dana-Farber Harvard Cancer Center; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [102e]

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Jeffrey I. Cohen, MD

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Chief, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [218, 228]

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Yehuda Z. Cohen, MD

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Clinical Fellow, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [224]

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Ronit Cohen-Poradosu, MD

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Senior Physician, Infectious Diseases Unit, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel [201]

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Francis S. Collins, MD, PhD

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Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [101e]

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Wilson S. Colucci, MD, FAHA, FACC

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Thomas J. Ryan Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief of Cardiovascular Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [289e, 290e]

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Laura K. Conlin, PhD

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Scientific Director, CytoGenomics Lab, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Assistant Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [83e]

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Darwin L. Conwell, MD, MS

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Professor of Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine; Director, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition; The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio [370, 371]

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Michael J. Corbel, PhD, DSc, FRCPath

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Retired (previously Head, Division of Bacteriology, National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom) [194e]

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William E. Corcoran, V, MD

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Staff Anesthesiologist, Allcare Clinical Associates; Medical Director of Analgesia and Sedation, Mission Health; Patient Safety Officer, Mission Health, Asheville, North Carolina [481e]

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Kathleen E. Corey, MD, MPH

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Clinical and Research Fellow, Harvard Medical School; Fellow, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [59]

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Lawrence Corey, MD

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Professor, Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington; President Emeritus, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Member, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division; Principal Investigator, HIV Vaccine Trials Network, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington [216]

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Jorge Cortes, MD

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D. B. Lane Cancer Research Distinguished Professor for Leukemia Research; Deputy Chairman; Section Chief of AML and CML, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [133]

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Felicia Cosman, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [425]

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Mark A. Creager, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Simon C. Fireman Scholar in Cardiovascular Medicine; Director, Vascular Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [301-303]

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Leslie J. Crofford, MD

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Professor, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; Chief, Division of Rheumatology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky [396]

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Jennifer M. Croswell, MD, MPH

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Medical Officer, Center for Oncology Prevention Trials Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland [100]

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Philip E. Cryer, MD

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Professor of Medicine Emeritus, Washington University in St. Louis; Physician, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [420]

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David Cunningham, MD, MB, ChB, FRCP

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Professor, Head of Gastrointestinal/Lymphoma Unit; Director of Clinical Research, Royal Marsden NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom [112]

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Gary C. Curhan, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Professor of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Channing Division of Network Medicine/Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [342]

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Brendan D. Curti, MD

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Director, Biotherapy Program, Robert W. Franz Cancer Research Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, Oregon [105]

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John J. Cush, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Rheumatology, Baylor University Medical Center; Director of Clinical Rheumatology, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, Texas [393]

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Charles A. Czeisler, MD, PhD

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Frank Baldino, Jr., PhD Professor of Sleep Medicine, Professor of Medicine and Director, Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [38]

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Marinos C. Dalakas, MD

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Professor of Neurology, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece; Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [388]

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Josep Dalmau, MD, PhD

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ICREA Professor, Institut d’Investigació Biomèdica August Pi i Sunyer, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Adjunct Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [122]

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Daniel F. Danzl, MD

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University of Louisville, Department of Emergency Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky [478e, 479e]

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Robert B. Daroff, MD

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Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; University Hospitals–Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [28]

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Charles E. Davis, MD

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Professor of Pathology and Medicine, Emeritus, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine; Director Emeritus, Microbiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California [245e]

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Stephen N. Davis, MBBS, FRCP

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Theodore E. Woodward Professor and Chairman of the Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland [420]

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Rafael de Cabo, PhD

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Senior Investigator, Experimental Gerontology Section, TGB, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [94e]

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Lisa M. DeAngelis, MD

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Professor of Neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College; Chair, Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [118]

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John Del Valle, MD

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Professor and Senior Associate Chair of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan [348]

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Marie B. Demay, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [423]

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Bradley M. Denker, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Renal Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Chief of Nephrology and Associate Chief of Medical Specialties, Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, Boston, Massachusetts [61]

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David W. Denning, MBBS, FRCP, FRCPath, FMedSci

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Professor of Medicine and Medical Mycology; Director, National Aspergillosis Centre, The University of Manchester and Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom [241]

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Robert J. Desnick, MD, PhD

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Dean for Genetics and Genomics, Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Human Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [430]

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Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH

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Kaiser Permanente Professor of Evidence-Based Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Department of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences; Oregon Health and Science University; Clinical Investigator, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, Oregon [22]

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Betty Diamond, MD

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The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, North Shore LIJ Health System; Center for Autoimmunity and Musculoskeletal Diseases, Manhasset, New York [377e]

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Marcelo F. Di Carli, MD

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Professor, Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging; Executive Director, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [270e, 271e]

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Anna Mae Diehl, MD

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Florence McAlister Professor of Medicine; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [364]

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Jules L. Dienstag, MD

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Carl W. Walter Professor of Medicine and Dean for Medical Education, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Gastrointestinal Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [360-362, 366e, 368]

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William P. Dillon, MD

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Professor and Executive Vice-Chair; Chief, Section of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [440e, 441e]

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Charles A. Dinarello, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Immunology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado; Professor of Experimental Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [23]

++

Raphael Dolin, MD

++

Maxwell Finland Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Molecular Genetics), Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [215e, 223, 224]

++

Susan M. Domchek, MD

++

Basser Professor of Oncology, Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [84]

++

Richard L. Doty, PhD, MA

++

Director, Smell and Taste Center; Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [42]

++

Vanja C. Douglas, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology and Sara and Evan Williams Foundation Endowed Neurohospitalist Chair, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [29]

++

Daniel B. Drachman, MD

++

Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, W. W. Smith Charitable Trust Professor of Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [461]

++

David F. Driscoll, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [98e]

++

Thomas D. DuBose, Jr., MD, MACP

++

Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina [64e, 66]

++

J. Stephen Dumler, MD

++

Professor, Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [211]

++

Andrea Dunaif, MD

++

Charles F. Kettering Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism and Vice-Chair for Research, Department of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [6e]

++

Samuel C. Durso, MD, MBA

++

Mason F. Lord Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [45, 46e]

++

Janice P. Dutcher, MD

++

Associate Director, Cancer Research Foundation of New York, Chappaqua, New York; Former Professor, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York [331]

++

Johanna Dwyer, DSc, RD

++

Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging; Professor, Tufts Medical Center and Director, Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [95e]

++

Jeffrey S. Dzieczkowski, MD

++

Physician, St. Alphonsus Regional Medical Center; Medical Director, Coagulation Clinic, Saint Alphonsus Medical Group, International Medicine and Travel Medicine, Boise, Idaho [138e]

++

Kim A. Eagle, MD

++

Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine; Chief of Clinical Cardiology; Director, Frankel Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [9]

++

James A. Eastham, MD

++

Chief, Urology Service, Florence and Theodore Baumritter/Enid Ancell Chair of Urologic Oncology, Department of Surgery, Sidney Kimmel Center for Prostate and Urologic Cancers, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [115]

++

Robert H. Eckel, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Division of Cardiology; Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, Charles A. Boettcher, II Chair in Atherosclerosis, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Director Lipid Clinic, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado [422]

++

John E. Edwards, Jr., MD

++

Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Harbor/UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California [235, 240]

++

David A. Ehrmann, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [68]

++

Andrew J. Einstein, MD, PhD

++

Victoria and Esther Aboodi Assistant Professor of Medicine; Director, Cardiac CT Research; Co-Director, Cardiac CT and MRI, Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, Department of Radiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++

Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD

++

Chair, Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Levy University Professor, Perelman School of Medicine and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [10]

++

John W. Engstrom, MD

++

Betty Anker Fife Distinguished Professor and Vice-Chairman; Neurology Residency Program Director, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [22, 454]

++

Moshe Ephros, MD

++

Clinical Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology; Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Carmel Medical Center; Haifa, Israel [197]

++

Jonathan A. Epstein, MD

++

William Wikoff Smith Professor; Chair, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology; Scientific Director, Penn Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [265e]

++

Aaron C. Ermel, MD

++

Assistant Research Professor; Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [222]

++

Tim Evans, MD, PhD

++

Senior Director, Health, Nutrition and Population, The World Bank Group, Washington, DC [13e]

++

Christopher H. Fanta, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Director, Partners Asthma Center, Boston, Massachusetts [48]

++

Paul Farmer, MD, PhD

++

Kolokotrones University Professor, Harvard University; Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Co-Founder, Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts [2]

++

Anthony S. Fauci, MD

++

Chief, Laboratory of Immunoregulation; Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [1, 225e, 226, 261e, 372e, 385, 386e]

++

Murray J. Favus, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Director Bone Program, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [426e]

++

David P. Faxon, MD

++

Vice Chair of Medicine for Strategic Planning, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Senior Lecturer, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [272, 296e, 297]

++

Darren R. Feldman, MD

++

Associate Professor in Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical Center; Assistant Attending, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [116]

++

David T. Felson, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology; Chair, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [394]

++

Luigi Ferrucci, MD, PhD

++

Scientific Director, National Institute of Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [11]

++

Howard L. Fields, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [18]

++

Gregory A. Filice, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Medical School, and Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Minneapolis, Minnesota [199]

++

Robert W. Finberg, MD

++

Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [104, 169]

++

Joyce Fingeroth, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and MAPS, Division of Infectious Disease, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [169]

++

Kurt Fink, MD

++

Palo Alto Medical Foundation, Palo Alto, California [481e]

++

Alain Fischer, MD, PhD

++

Director of INSERM U768; Director of Imagine Institute; Professor of Immunology and Pediatric Hematology; Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France [374, 375e]

++

Jeffrey S. Flier, MD

++

Caroline Shields Walker Professor of Medicine and Dean, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [415e]

++

Agnes B. Fogo, MD

++

John L. Shapiro Professor of Pathology; Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [62e]

++

Larry C. Ford, MD

++

Clinical Infectious Diseases, Intermountain Healthcare, Provo, Utah [44]

++

Jane E. Freedman, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [142]

++

Roy Freeman, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Autonomic and Peripheral Nerve Disorders, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

++

Gyorgy Frendl, MD, PhD, FCCM

++

Assistant Professor; Director of Surgical Critical Care Research Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [481e]

++

Carl E. Freter, MD, PhD, FACP

++

Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Hematology and Oncology; Associate Director, Cancer Center, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri [125]

++

Lawrence S. Friedman, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Assistant Chief of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Anton R. Fried, MD Chair, Department of Medicine, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, Massachusetts [59]

++

Sonia Friedman, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [351]

++

Anne L. Fuhlbrigge, MD, MS

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [307]

++

Andre D. Furtado, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [441e]

++

Nicholas B. Galifianakis, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Clinical Professor, Surgical Movement Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [33e]

++

John I. Gallin, MD

++

Director, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [80]

++

Charlotte A. Gaydos, DrPh

++

Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Baltimore, Maryland [213]

++

J. Michael Gaziano, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Aging, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Director, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Center, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [266e]

++

Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Professor, Health Policy and Management, Center for Health Decision Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health; Faculty Co-Leader, Chronic and Cardiovascular Diseases Working Group, Harvard Institute for Global Health, Harvard University; Associate Physician in Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [266e]

++

Susan L. Gearhart, MD

++

Associate Professor, Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland [353]

++

Robert H. Gelber, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Medicine and Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [203]

++

Jeffrey M. Gelfand, MD, MAS

++

Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [29]

++

Alfred L. George, Jr., MD

++

Magerstadt Professor and Chair, Department of Pharmacology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [332e]

++

Dale N. Gerding, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois; Research Physician, Edward Hines Jr. Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, Illinois [161]

++

Michael D. Geschwind, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [33e]

++

Marc G. Ghany, MD, MHSc

++

Staff Physician, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [357]

++

Michael Giladi, MD, MSc

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University; The Infectious Disease Unit and the Bernard Pridan Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel [197]

++

Roger I. Glass, MD, PhD

++

Director, Fogarty International Center, Bethesda, Maryland [227]

++

Eli Glatstein, MD

++

Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [263e]

++

Peter J. Goadsby, MD, PhD, DSc, FRACp, FRCP

++

Professor, NIHR-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, King’s College, London, United Kingdom; Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [21, 447]

++

Morton F. Goldberg, MD, FACS, FAOS

++

Director Emeritus and Joseph Green Professor of Ophthalmology, Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland [40e]

++

Ary L. Goldberger, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [268, 269e, 278e]

++

David Goldblatt, MB, ChB, PhD

++

Professor of Vaccinology and Immunology; Consultant in Paediatric Immunology; Director of Clinical Research and Development; Director, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Child Health; University College London; Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom [171]

++

Samuel Z. Goldhaber, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Thrombosis Research Group, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [300]

++

Ralph Gonzales, MD, MSPH

++

Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [44]

++

Douglas S. Goodin, MD

++

Professor, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [458]

++

Jeffrey I. Gordon, MD

++

Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor and Director, Center for Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [86e]

++

Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Neurology; Language Neurobiology Lab, Memory and Aging Center; Dyslexia Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [37e]

++

Peter A. Gottlieb, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine, Barbara Davis Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [409]

++

Gregory A. Grabowski, MD

++

Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics and Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Division of Human Genetics Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Chief Scientific Officer, Synageva BioPharma Corp., Lexington, Massachusetts [432e]

++

Yonatan H. Grad, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Associate Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [146]

++

Christine Grady, RN, PhD

++

Chief, Department of Bioethics, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland [17e]

++

Alexander R. Green, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Director, The Disparities Solutions Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [16e]

++

Norton J. Greenberger, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [369-371]

++

Michael F. Greene, MD

++

Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School; Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [124e]

++

Daryl R. Gress, MD, FAAN, FCCM, FNCS

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia [330]

++

Rasim Gucalp, MD

++

Professor of Clinical Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Associate Chairman for Educational Programs, Department of Oncology; Director, Hematology/Oncology Fellowship, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [331]

++

Kalpana Gupta, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Infectious Diseases, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [162]

++

John G. Haaga, PhD

++

Deputy Associate Director, Behavioral and Social Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [93e]

++

Chadi A. Hage, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Thoracic Transplant Program, Indiana University Health, Indianapolis, Indiana [236]

++

Bevra Hannahs Hahn, MD

++

Professor Emerita Division of Rheumatology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [378]

++

Colin N. Haile, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine; Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas [468e]

++

Janet E. Hall, MD, MSc

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Associate Chief, Reproductive Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [69, 412, 414]

++

Jesse B. Hall, MD, FCCP

++

Professor of Medicine, Anesthesia and Critical Care; Chief, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [321]

++

Scott A. Halperin, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Immunology Head, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Director, Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [185]

++

R. Doug Hardy, MD

++

Infectious Diseases Specialists, PA; Medical City Dallas Hospital and Medical City Children’s Hospital, Dallas; Baylor Regional Medical Center, Plano, Texas [212]

++

Rudy A. Hartskeerl, PhD

++

Director WHO/FAO/OIE and National Leptospirosis Reference Centre, KIT Biomedical Research, KIT (Royal Tropical Institute), Amsterdam, The Netherlands [208]

++

William L. Hasler, MD

++

Professor, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [54, 344]

++

Stephen L. Hauser, MD

++

Robert A. Fishman Distinguished Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [1, 437, 443e, 444e, 455, 456, 458, 460]

++

Barton F. Haynes, MD

++

Frederic M. Hanes Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Departments of Medicine and Immunology; Director, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina [372e]

++

Douglas C. Heimburger, MD, MS

++

Professor of Medicine, Associate Director for Education and Training, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [97]

++

J. Claude Hemphill, III, MD, MAS

++

Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco; Chief of Neurology, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [330, 446]

++

Patrick H. Henry, MD

++

Clinical Adjunct Professor of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa [79]

++

Katherine A. High, MD

++

William H. Bennett Professor of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [91e, 141]

++

Christine E. Hill-Kayser, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [263e]

++

Ikuo Hirano, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [53, 347]

++

Martin S. Hirsch, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [219]

++

Helen H. Hobbs, MD

++

Professor, Internal Medicine and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Dallas, Texas [421]

++

Judith S. Hochman, MD

++

Harold Snyder Family Professor of Cardiology, Clinical Chief, Leon Charney Division of Cardiology, Co-Director, NYU-HHC Clinical and Translational Science Institute; Director, Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York [326]

++

A. Victor Hoffbrand, DM

++

Emeritus Professor of Haematology, University College, London; Honorary Consultant Haematologist, Royal Free Hospital, London, United Kingdom [128]

++

L. John Hoffer, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University; Senior Physician, Divisions of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada [98e]

++

Charles W. Hoge, MD

++

Senior Scientist, Center for Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland [471e]

++

Elizabeth L. Hohmann, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [176]

++

Steven M. Holland, MD

++

Chief, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [80, 204]

++

King K. Holmes, MD, PhD

++

Chair, Global Health; Professor of Medicine and Global Health; Adjunct Professor, Epidemiology; Director, Center for AIDS and STD; University of Washington School of Medicine; Head, Infectious Diseases Section, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington [163]

++

Jay H. Hoofnagle, MD

++

Director, Liver Diseases Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [357]

++

David C. Hooper, MD

++

Professor, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Infection Control Unit; Associate Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [170]

++

Robert J. Hopkin, MD

++

Associate Professor, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [432e]

++

Leora Horn, MD, MSc

++

Assistant Professor, Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [107]

++

Jonathan C. Horton, MD, PhD

++

William F. Hoyt Professor of Neuro-ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology and Physiology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [39]

++

Howard Hu, MD, MPH, ScD

++

Dean; Professor of Environmental Health, Epidemiology and Global Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health; Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [472e]

++

Deborah T. Hung, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Co-director, Infectious Disease Initiative, Broad Institute of Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts [146]

++

Sharon A. Hunt, MD, FACC

++

Professor of Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California [281]

++

Charles G. Hurst, MD

++

Chief, Chemical Casualty Care Division, United States Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, APG-Edgewood Area, Maryland [262e]

++

Ashraf S. Ibrahim, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California [242]

++

David H. Ingbar, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Physiology; Director, Pulmonary Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Division, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota [326]

++

Alan C. Jackson, MD, FRCPC

++

Professor of Medicine (Neurology) and of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba; Section Head of Neurology, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada [232]

++

Lisa A. Jackson, MD, MPH

++

Senior Investigator, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington [148]

++

Danny O. Jacobs, MD, MPH, FACS

++

Executive Vice President, Provost, and Dean of the School of Medicine; Thomas N. and Gleaves T. James Distinguished Chair, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas [20, 355, 356]

++

Richard F. Jacobs, MD

++

Robert H. Fiser, Jr., MD Endowed Chair in Pediatrics; Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; President, Arkansas Children’s Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, Arkansas [195]

++

J. Larry Jameson, MD, PhD

++

Robert G. Dunlop Professor of Medicine; Dean, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; Executive Vice President, University of Pennsylvania for the Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1, 56, 82, 84, 121, 399-403, 405, 410, 411, 436e]

++

Robert T. Jensen, MD

++

Chief, Cell Biology Section, National Institutes of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [113]

++

Roy M. John, MBBS, PhD, FRCP

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [277]

++

Savio John, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York [58]

++

David H. Johnson, MD

++

Donald W. Seldin Distinguished Chair in Internal Medicine; Professor and Chairman, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern School of Medicine, Dallas, Texas [107]

++

James R. Johnson, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota [186]

++

Stuart Johnson, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Edward Hines Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois [161]

++

S. Clairborne Johnston, MD, PhD

++

Dean, Dell Medical School; Frank Denius Distinguished Dean’s Chair in Medical Leadership; Vice President for Medical Affairs, University of Texas, Austin, Austin, Texas [446]

++

S. Andrew Josephson, MD

++

Associate Professor; Vice Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [34, 329e, 463e]

++

Harald Jüppner, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics, Endocrine Unit and Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [424]

++

Peter J. Kahrilas, MD

++

Gilbert H. Marquardt Professor of Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [53, 347]

++

Gail Kang, MD

++

San Francisco, California [33e]

++

Hagop Kantarjian, MD

++

Chairman, Leukemia Department; Professor of Leukemia, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [133]

++

Adolf W. Karchmer, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [155]

++

Dennis L. Kasper, MD, MA

++

William Ellery Channing Professor of Medicine, Professor of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School; Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 144, 147, 159, 183e, 201]

++

Lloyd H. Kasper, MD

++

Professor of Microbiology/Immunology and Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire [253]

++

Daniel L. Kastner, MD, PhD

++

Scientific Director, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [392]

++

Carol A. Kauffman, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School; Chief, Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [243]

++

Elaine T. Kaye, MD

++

Assistant Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [24, 25e]

++

Kenneth M. Kaye, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [24, 25e]

++

John A. Kessler, MD

++

Davee Professor of Stem Cell Biology, Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [90e]

++

Jay S. Keystone, MD, FRCPC, MSc(CTM)

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [149]

++

Sundeep Khosla, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Physiology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [65]

++

Elliott Kieff, MD, PhD

++

Harriet Ryan Albee Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [214e]

++

Anthony A. Killeen, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota [480e]

++

Kami Kim, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine, Pathology, and Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York [253]

++

Charles H. King, MD, MS

++

Professor, Center for Global Health and Diseases, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio [259]

++

Lindsay King, MD, MPH

++

Advanced Transplant/Hepatology Fellow, Department of Medicine, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [483e]

++

Talmadge E. King, Jr., MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [315]

++

Louis V. Kirchhoff, MD, MPH

++

Professor, Departments of Internal Medicine (Infectious Diseases) and Epidemiology, University of Iowa; Staff Physician, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa [252]

++

Priya S. Kishnani, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics, Division Chief, Medical Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [433e]

++

Rob Knight, PhD

++

Professor, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Departments of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Computer Science, Biofrontiers Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado [86e]

++

Minoru S. H. Ko, MD, PhD

++

Mitsunada Sakaguchi Professor and Chair, Department of Systems Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan [88]

++

Barbara A. Konkle, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Hematology, University of Washington; Director, Translational Research, Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, Washington [78, 140]

++

Peter Kopp, MD

++

Associate Professor, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Science and Center for Genetic Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [82]

++

Walter J. Koroshetz, MD

++

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [165]

++

Thomas R. Kosten, MD

++

J. H. Waggoner Professor of Psychiatry, Pharmacology, Immunology, Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas [468e]

++

Theodore A. Kotchen, MD

++

Professor Emeritus, Department of Medicine; Associate Dean for Clinical Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [298]

++

Camille Nelson Kotton, MD, FIDSA

++

Clinical Director, Transplant and Immunocompromised Host Infectious Diseases, Infectious Diseases Division, Massachusetts General Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [219]

++

Phyllis E. Kozarsky, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [149]

++

Barnett S. Kramer, MD, MPH, FACP

++

Director, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland [100]

++

Joel Kramer, PsyD

++

Professor of Neuropsychology in Neurology; Director of Neuropsychology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [37e]

++

Stephen M. Krane, MD

++

Persis, Cyrus and Marlow B. Harrison Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [423]

++

Alexander Kratz, MD, MPH, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Clinical Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Director, Core Laboratory, Columbia University Medical Center and the New York Presbyterian Hospital; Director, the Allen Hospital Laboratory, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++

Peter J. Krause, MD

++

Senior Research Scientist, Yale School of Public Health; Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [249]

++

John P. Kress, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Director, Medical Intensive Care Unit, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [321]

++

Stephen Krieger, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology; Director, Neurology Residency Program, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai; Attending Physician, The Corinne Goldsmith Dickinson Center for MS, New York, New York [486e]

++

Patricia A. Kritek, MD, EdM

++

Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [48, 305, 308e]

++

Henry M. Kronenberg, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [423]

++

Jens H. Kuhn, MD, PhD, MS

++

Principal, Tunnell Government Services (TGS), Inc.; Lead Virologist, Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick (IRF-Frederick); TGS IRF-Frederick Team Leader, NIH/NIAID/DCR, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland [233, 234]

++

Robert F. Kushner, MD, MS

++

Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [416]

++

Raymond Y. Kwong, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [270e, 271e]

++

Loren Laine, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut [57]

++

Neil K. Lakdawala, MD

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Boston VA Healthcare; Boston, Massachusetts [287]

++

Anil K. Lalwani, MD

++

Professor and Vice Chair for Research; Director, Division of Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery; Director, Columbia Cochlear Implant Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [43]

++

H. Clifford Lane, MD

++

Clinical Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [226, 261e]

++

Carol A. Langford, MD, MHS

++

Harold C. Schott Endowed Chair; Director, Center for Vasculitis Care and Research, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [385, 386e, 389, 397, 398]

++

Regina C. LaRocque, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [160]

++

Wei C. Lau, MD, FAHA

++

Emeritus Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Section Cardiovascular Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System Cardiovascular Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan [9]

++

Leslie P. Lawley, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia [71]

++

Thomas J. Lawley, MD

++

William P. Timmie Professor of Dermatology, Dean, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [70, 71, 73, 76e]

++

David G. Le Couteur, MD, PhD, FRACP

++

Professor of Geriatric Medicine, Director of the Centre for Education and Research on Ageing, University of Sydney and Sydney Research, Sydney, Australia [94e]

++

William M. Lee, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine; Meredith Mosle Chair in Liver Diseases, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas [361]

++

Charles Lei, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [474]

++

Jane A. Leopold, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [272, 297e]

++

Nelson Leung, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota [341]

++

Bruce D. Levy, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [322]

++

Julia B. Lewis, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [338]

++

Peter Libby, MD

++

Mallinckrodt Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [265e, 291e, 292e]

++

Richard W. Light, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee [316, 317]

++

Julie Lin, MD, MPH

++

Lecturer on Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts [61]

++

Yusen E. Lin, PhD, MBA

++

Professor and Director, Center for Environmental Laboratory Services; National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan [184]

++

Robert Lindsay, MD, PhD

++

Chief, Internal Medicine; Professor of Clinical Medicine, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York [425]

++

Marc E. Lippman, MD, MACP, FRCP

++

Kathleen and Stanley Glaser Professor, Department of Medicine, Deputy Director, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [108]

++

Peter E. Lipsky, MD

++

Charlottesville, Virginia [377e]

++

Kathleen D. Liu, MD, PhD, MAS

++

Associate Professor, Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [336]

++

Bernard Lo, MD

++

President, The Greenwall Foundation, New York; Professor of Medicine Emeritus and Director Emeritus of the Program in Medical Ethics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [17e]

++

Dan L. Longo, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 77, 79, 81e, 89e, 99, 102e, 103e, 121, 123e, 124e, 125, 134, 135e, 136, 225e]

++

Nicola Longo, MD, PhD

++

Professor and Chief, Division of Medical Genetics, Departments of Pediatrics and Pathology; Medical Co-Director, Biochemical Genetics Laboratory, ARUP Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah [434e, 435e]

++

Joseph Loscalzo, MD, PhD

++

Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 49-52, 87e, 142, 264, 265e, 267, 283-287, 293, 295, 301-304]

++

Christine M. Lovly, MD, PhD

++

Academic, Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [107]

++

Phillip A. Low, MD, FRACP, FRCP (Hon)

++

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Professor of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [454]

++

Daniel H. Lowenstein, MD

++

Dr. Robert B. and Mrs. Ellinor Aird Professor of Neurology; Director, Epilepsy Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [437, 438e, 445]

++

Elyse E. Lower, MD

++

Medical Oncology and Hematology, University of Cincinnati, Oncology Hematology Care, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio [390]

++

Franklin D. Lowy, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [172]

++

Sheila A. Lukehart, PhD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [206, 207e]

++

Lucio Luzzatto, MD, FRCP, FRCPath

++

Professor of Hematology, University of Genova, Genova; Scientific Director, Istituto Toscano Tumori, Florence, Italy [129]

++

Lawrence C. Madoff, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Director, Division of Epidemiology and Immunization, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts [157, 166e, 167e]

++

Adel A. F. Mahmoud, MD, PhD

++

Professor in Molecular Biology and Public Policy, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey [259]

++

Ronald V. Maier, MD

++

Jane and Donald D. Trunkey Professor and Vice-Chair, Surgery, University of Washington; Surgeon-in-Chief, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington [324]

++

Mark E. Mailliard, MD

++

Frederick F. Paustian Professor; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska [363]

++

Mahmoud Malas, MD, MHS, FACS

++

Associate Professor of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University; Director of Endovascular Surgery; Director of The Vascular and Endovascular Clinical Research Center, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland [354]

++

Hari R. Mallidi, MD

++

Associate Professor of Surgery and Chief, Division of Transplant and Assist Devices; Lester and Sue Smith Endowed Chair in Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas [281]

++

Susan J. Mandel, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine; Associate Chief, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [405]

++

Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD

++

Professor and Chairman of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Disease, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [397]

++

Lionel A. Mandell, MD, FRCPC

++

Professor of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [153]

++

Douglas L. Mann, MD

++

Lewin Chair and Chief, Cardiovascular Division; Professor of Medicine, Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Cardiologist-in-Chief, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [279]

++

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH

++

Professor of Medicine and the Elizabeth Fay Brigham Professor of Women’s Health, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [413]

++

Eleftheria Maratos-Flier, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [415e]

++

Guido Marcucci, MD

++

Professor of Medicine; John B. and Jane T. McCoy Chair in Cancer Research; Associate Director of Translational Research, Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio [132]

++

Daniel B. Mark, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center; Director, Outcomes Research, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina [3]

++

Alexander G. Marneros, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [75]

++

Jeanne M. Marrazzo, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [163]

++

Thomas Marrie, MD

++

Dean, Faculty of Medicine; Professor, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [211]

++

Gary J. Martin, MD

++

Raymond J. Langenbach, MD Professor of Medicine; Vice Chairman for Faculty Affairs, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [4]

++

Joseph B. Martin, MD, PhD

++

Edward R. and Anne G. Lefler Professor, Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [437]

++

Susan Maslanka, PhD

++

Enteric Diseases Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [178]

++

Henry Masur, MD

++

Chief, Critical Care Medicine Department, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [244]

++

Jeremy Matloff, MD

++

Fellow, Department of Gastroenterology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [485e, 486e]

++

Robert J. Mayer, MD

++

Faculty Vice President for Academic Affairs, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Stephen B. Kay Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [109, 110]

++

Alexander J. McAdam, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory, Children’s Hospital of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts [150e]

++

Calvin O. McCall, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia; Chief, Dermatology Section, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia [71, 76e]

++

John F. McConville, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine and Director, Internal Medicine Residency Program, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [318]

++

Corey A. McGraw, MD

++

Assistant Professor, The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, New York, New York [486e]

++

Kevin T. McVary, MD, FACS

++

Professor and Chairman, Division of Urology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois [67]

++

Mandeep R. Mehra, MD, FACC, FACP

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Executive Director, Center for Advanced Heart Disease, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Co-Director, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, Boston, Massachusetts [280]

++

Nancy K. Mello, PhD

++

Professor of Psychology (Neuroscience), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Director, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts [469e]

++

Shlomo Melmed, MD

++

Senior Vice President and Dean of the Medical Faculty, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California [401e-403]

++

Jack H. Mendelson, MD

++

Professor of Psychiatry (Neuroscience), Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts [469e]

++

Robert O. Messing, MD

++

Professor, Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy; Associate Director, Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas [465e]

++

M.-Marsel Mesulam, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry and Psychology, Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer’s Disease Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [36]

++

Gregory F. Michaud, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [276]

++

Susan Miesfeldt, MD

++

Medical Oncology, Medical Director, Cancer Risk and Prevention Clinic, Maine Medical Center, Scarborough, Maine [84]

++

Edgar L. Milford, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [337]

++

Bruce L. Miller, MD

++

A. W. and Mary Margaret Clausen Distinguished Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [34, 35, 37e, 448, 453e]

++

Samuel I. Miller, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Microbiology, Medicine and Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [190]

++

Simon J. Mitchell, MB ChB, PhD, FUHM, FANZCA

++

Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Auckland and Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand [477e]

++

Babak Mokhlesi, MD, MSc

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care; Director, Sleep Disorders Center and Sleep Fellowship Program, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [318]

++

Thomas A. Moore, MD, FACP, FIDSA

++

Chairman, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana [246e]

++

Pat J. Morin, PhD

++

Senior Director, Scientific Review and Grants Administration, American Association for Cancer Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [101e]

++

Alison Morris, MD, MS

++

Associate Professor, Departments of Medicine and Immunology; Director, University of Pittsburgh HIV Lung Research Center, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [244]

++

Charles A. Morris, MD, MPH

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Staff Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [482e, 484e]

++

David A. Morrow, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Levine Cardiac Intensive Care Unit; Senior Investigator, TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [19]

++

William J. Moss, MD, MPH

++

Professor, Departments of Epidemiology, International Health, and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland [229]

++

Robert J. Motzer, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Joan and Sanford Weill College of Medicine of Cornell University D. Attending Physician, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [114, 116]

++

David B. Mount, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Renal Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Renal Division, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [63, 64e]

++

Haralampos M. Moutsopoulos, MD, FACP, FRCP(hc), Master ACR

++

Professor and Director, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical School, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [379, 383, 387]

++

Robert S. Munford, MD

++

Senior Clinician, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [325]

++

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Boston VA Healthcare System; Director of Basic and Correlative Sciences; Associate Director, Jerome Lipper Myeloma Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [136]

++

John R. Murphy, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine and Microbiology; Director ad interim, National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [175]

++

Timothy F. Murphy, MD

++

SUNY Distinguished Professor; Director, Clinical and Translational Research Center, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [182]

++

Barbara E. Murray, MD

++

J. Ralph Meadows Professor and Director, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas [174]

++

Joseph A. Murray, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Departments of Internal Medicine and Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [55]

++

Mark B. Mycyk, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University School of Medicine; Research Director, Toxikon Consortium; Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois [473e]

++

Robert J. Myerburg, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Cardiology; AHA Chair in Cardiovascular Research, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [327]

++

Avindra Nath, MD

++

Chief, Section of Infections of the Nervous System; Clinical Director, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [165]

++

Edward T. Naureckas, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, and Director, Pulmonary Function Laboratory, and Adult Cystic Fibrosis Laboratory, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [306e]

++

Eric G. Neilson, MD

++

Lewis Landsberg Dean, and Vice President, Medical Affairs, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois [62e, 332e, 338]

++

Emily Page Nelson, MD

++

Clinical Instructor, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [484e]

++

Gerald T. Nepom, MD, PhD

++

Professor (Affiliate), University of Washington School of Medicine; Director, Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason; Director, Immune Tolerance Network, Seattle, Washington [373e]

++

Eric J. Nestler, MD, PhD

++

Nash Family Professor and Chair, Department of Neuroscience; Director, Friedman Brain Institute, Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York [465e]

++

Hartmut P. H. Neumann, MD

++

Universitaet Freiburg, Medizinische Universitaetsklinik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany [407]

++

Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD

++

John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy and Management, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School; Faculty, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard School of Public Health, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts [15e]

++

Jonathan Newmark, MD

++

Colonel, Medical Corps, U.S. Army; Deputy Joint Program Executive Officer, Medical Systems, Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical/Biological Defense, U.S. Department of Defense, Falls Church, Virginia; Adjunct Professor of Neurology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland [262e]

++

Rathel L. Nolan, III, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi [238]

++

Robert L. Norris, MD

++

Professor, Department of Surgery; Chief, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California [474]

++

Scott A. Norton, MD, MPH, MSc

++

Chief of Dermatology, Children’s National Health Systems, Washington, DC [475]

++

Thomas B. Nutman, MD

++

Head, Helminth Immunology Section, Head, Clinical Parasitology Unit, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [257, 258]

++

Jose A. Obeso, MD

++

Professor of Neurology and Director, CIINAC, Hospital de Madrid; Medical School, CEU-San Pablo, Madrid, Spain [449]

++

Katherine L. O’Brien, MD, MPH

++

Professor, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [171]

++

Max R. O’Donnell, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [205e]

++

Nigel O’Farrell, MD, MSc, FRCP

++

Ealing Hospital, London, United Kingdom [198e]

++

Jennifer Ogar, MS CCC-SLP

++

Speech-Language Pathologist, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [37e]

++

Patrick T. O’Gara, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Clinical Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [51e, 267, 283-286]

++

C. Warren Olanow, MD, FRCPC, FRCP(hon)

++

Henry P. and Georgette Goldschmidt Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Neurology; Professor, Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York [449]

++

Andrew B. Onderdonk, PhD

++

Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [150e]

++

Chung Owyang, MD

++

H. Marvin Pollard Professor of Internal Medicine; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [344, 352]

++

Umesh D. Parashar, MBBS, MPH

++

Lead, Viral Gastroenteritis Epidemiology Team, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [227]

++

Shreyaskumar R. Patel, MD

++

Robert R. Herring Distinguished Professor of Medicine; Center Medical Director, Sarcoma Center, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [119e]

++

David L. Paterson, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research; Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia [187]

++

Gustav Paumgartner, MD

++

Professor Emeritus of Medicine, University of Munich, Munich, Germany [369]

++

M. Luisa Pedro-Botet, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona; Infectious Diseases Section (Senior Consultant), Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain [184]

++

David A. Pegues, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [190]

++

Anton Y. Peleg, MBBS, PhD, MPH, FRACP

++

Associate Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, The Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [187]

++

Florencia Pereyra, MD

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Infectious Disease Division, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [166e, 167e]

++

Michael A. Pesce, PhD

++

Professor Emeritus of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Director, Biochemical Genetics Laboratory, Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++

Clarence J. Peters, MD

++

John Sealy Distinguished University Chair in Tropical and Emerging Virology; Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology; Department of Pathology; Director for Biodefense, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [233]

++

Gerald B. Pier, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Immunobiology), Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston, Massachusetts [145e]

++

Richard J. Pollack, PhD

++

Instructor, Department of Immunology and Infectious Disease, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; Senior Environmental Public Health Officer, Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts; President and Chief Scientific Officer, IdentifyUS LLC, Newton, Massachusetts [475]

++

Martin R. Pollak, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [339]

++

Andrew J. Pollard, PhD, FRCPCH

++

Professor of Paediatric Infection and Immunity, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom [180]

++

Reuven Porat, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Tel Aviv Souarsky Medical Center; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel [23]

++

Daniel A. Portnoy, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California [176]

++

John T. Potts, Jr., MD

++

Jackson Distinguished Professor of Clinical Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician-in-Chief and Director of Research Emeritus, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [424]

++

Lawrie W. Powell, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, The University of Queensland; Director, Centre for the Advancement of Clinical Research, Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia [428]

++

Alvin C. Powers, MD

++

Joe C. Davis Chair in Biomedical Science; Professor of Medicine, Molecular Physiology and Biophysics; Director, Vanderbilt Diabetes Center; Chief, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [417-419]

++

Daniel S. Pratt, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical Center; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [58, 358]

++

Michael B. Prentice, MB ChB, PhD, MRCP(UK), FRCPath, FFPRCPI

++

Professor of Medical Microbiology, Departments of Microbiology and Pathology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland [196]

++

Darwin J. Prockop, MD, PhD

++

Director and Professor, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, Texas [427]

++

Stanley B. Prusiner, MD

++

Director, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [444e, 453e]

++

Thomas C. Quinn, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Senior Investigator, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [213]

++

Gil Rabinovici, MD

++

Associate Professor in Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [37e]

++

Daniel J. Rader, MD

++

Seymour Gray Professor of Molecular Medicine; Chair, Department of Genetics; Chief, Division of Translational Medicine and Human Genetics, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [421]

++

Kaitlin Rainwater-Lovett, PhD, MPH

++

Research Fellow, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [229]

++

Sanjay Ram, MBBS

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [181]

++

Reuben Ramphal, MD

++

Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida [189]

++

Agam K. Rao, MD

++

Medical Officer, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [178]

++

Beth Rapaport, MD

++

Attending Physician, Elmhurst Hospital Center, Mount Sinai Medical Affiliate, Elmhurst, New York [486e]

++

Kumanan Rasanathan, MBChB, MPH, FAFPHM

++

Technical Officer, Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade, and Human Rights, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland [13e]

++

Neil H. Raskin, MD

++

Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [21, 447]

++

Anis Rassi, Jr., MD, PhD, FACC, FACP, FAHA

++

Scientific Director, Anis Rassi Hospital, Goiânia, Brazil [252]

++

James P. Rathmell, MD

++

Henry Knowles Beecher Professor of Anesthesiology, Harvard Medical School; Executive Vice Chair and Chief, Division of Pain Medicine, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [18]

++

Mario C. Raviglione, MD

++

Director, Global TB Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland [202]

++

Divya Reddy, MBBS, MPH

++

Faculty, Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Division, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [205e]

++

Susan Redline, MD, MPH

++

Peter C. Farrell Professor of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [319]

++

Sharon L. Reed, MD, MSCTM, D(ABMM)

++

Professor of Pathology and Medicine; Director, Microbiology Laboratory, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California [245e, 247]

++

Susan E. Reef, MD

++

Medical Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [230e]

++

John J. Reilly, Jr., MD

++

Jack D. Myers Professor of Medicine and Chair, Department of Medicine; Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [308e, 314]

++

John T. Repke, MD, FACOG

++

University Professor and Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine; Obstetrician-Gynecologist In-Chief, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania [8]

++

Victor I. Reus, MD

++

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine; Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, San Francisco, California [466]

++

Joseph J. Rhatigan, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health; Associate Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [2]

++

Peter A. Rice, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [181]

++

Elizabeth Robbins, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [443e]

++

Gary L. Robertson, MD

++

Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [404]

++

Russell G. Robertson, MD

++

Professor of Family Medicine, Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, Chicago, Illinois [56]

++

Dan M. Roden, MD

++

William Stokes Professor of Experimental Therapeutics; Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology, Assistant Vice-Chancellor for Personalized Medicine, Director, Oates Institute for Experimental Therapeutics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [5]

++

James A. Romano, Jr., PhD, DABT

++

Principal Senior Life Scientist Advisor, Tunnell Government Services, Inc., Rockville, Maryland [262e]

++

Karen L. Roos, MD

++

John and Nancy Nelson Professor of Neurology; Professor of Neurological Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [164]

++

Allan H. Ropper, MD, FRCP, FACP

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Raymond D. Adams Master Clinician; Executive Vice Chair, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [328, 456, 457e]

++

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD

++

Associate Attending; Section Chief, Non-Prostate Program, Division of Solid Tumor Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [114]

++

Roger N. Rosenberg, MD

++

Zale Distinguished Chair and Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [450, 451e]

++

Myrna R. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD

++

Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínic/IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain [122]

++

Michael A. Rubin, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah [44]

++

Steven A. Rubin, PhD

++

Acting Principal Investigator, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland [231e]

++

Robert M. Russell, MD

++

Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [96e]

++

Thomas A. Russo, MD, CM

++

Staff Physician, Western New York VA Healthcare System; Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Immunology; Vice Chair of Medicine; Head, Division of Infectious Disease, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [186, 200]

++

Anna E. Rutherford, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [483e]

++

Edward T. Ryan, MD, FACP, FIDSA, FASTMH

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Director, Global Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [160, 193]

++

Sean Sadikot, MD

++

Department of Internal Medicine, Critical Care and Pulmonary Disease, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey [485e, 486e]

++

David J. Salant, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Nephrology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [340]

++

Martin A. Samuels, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [439e, 463e]

++

Philippe J. Sansonetti, MD

++

Professor, Collège de France; Institut Pasteur, Paris, France [191]

++

Clifford B. Saper, MD, PhD

++

James Jackson Putnam Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [38]

++

Jussi J. Saukkonen, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [205e]

++

Edward A. Sausville, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine; Associate Director for Clinical Research, Marlene and Stewart Greenbaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland [103e]

++

Mohamed H. Sayegh, MD

++

Raja N. Khuri Dean, Faculty of Medicine; Professor of Medicine and Immunology; Vice President of Medical Affairs, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Senior Lecturer, Harvard Medical School; Schuster Family Transplantation Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [337]

++

David T. Scadden, MD

++

Gerald and Darlene Professor of Medicine; Co-Chair, Harvard Stem Cell Institute; Co-chair, Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Regenerative Medicine; Chief, Hematologic Malignancies, Cancer Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [89e]

++

Thomas E. Scammell, MD

++

Professor, Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [38]

++

Anthony H. V. Schapira, MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci

++

Chair and Professor of Clinical Neurosciences, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom [449]

++

Howard I. Scher, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Joan and Sanford Weill College of Medicine of Cornell University; D. Wayne Calloway Chair in Urologic Oncology; Attending Physician and Chief, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [114, 115]

++

Anne Schuchat, MD

++

RADM, U.S. Public Health Service; Assistant Surgeon General, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [148]

++

Marc A. Schuckit, MD

++

Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California [467]

++

H. Ralph Schumacher, Jr., MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [395]

++

Gordon E. Schutze, MD, FAAP

++

Professor of Pediatrics; Vice-Chairman for Educational Affairs; Martin I. Lorin, MD Chair in Medical Education, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Retrovirology, Vice President, Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative at Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children’s Hospital, Houston, Texas [195]

++

Richard M. Schwartzstein, MD

++

Ellen and Melvin Gordon Professor of Medicine and Medical Education, Harvard Medical School; Associate Division Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [47e]

++

William W. Seeley, MD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology and Pathology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [35, 448]

++

Michael V. Seiden, MD, PhD

++

Chief Medical Officer, McKesson Specialty Health, The Woodlands, Texas [117]

++

Julian L. Seifter, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [343]

++

David C. Seldin, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Microbiology; Chief, Section of Hematology-Oncology; Director, Amyloidosis Center, Boston University School of Medicine; Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [137]

++

Ankoor Shah, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [380]

++

Steven D. Shapiro, MD

++

Jack D. Myers Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [314]

++

Erica S. Shenoy, MD, PhD

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Chief, Infection Control Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [170]

++

Kanade Shinkai, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [74]

++

William Silen, MD

++

Johnson and Johnson Professor Emeritus of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Auburndale, Massachusetts [20]

++

Edwin K. Silverman, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [314]

++

Karl Skorecki, MD, FRCP(C), FASN

++

Annie Chutick Professor in Medicine (Nephrology); Director, Rappaport Research Institute, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology; Director of Medical and Research Development, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel [85e, 335]

++

Wade S. Smith, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Neurology, Daryl R. Gress Endowed Chair of Neurocritical Care and Stroke; Director, University of California, San Francisco Neurovascular Service, San Francisco, California [330, 446]

++

Elizabeth Smyth, MB BAO, MSc

++

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London and Sutton, United Kingdom [112]

++

Kelly A. Soderberg, PhD, MPH

++

Associate Director, Duke Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology-Immunogen Discovery, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina [372e]

++

Scott D. Solomon, MD

++

Professor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Noninvasive Cardiology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [270e, 271e]

++

Julian Solway, MD

++

Walter L. Palmer Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics; Associate Dean for Translational Medicine, Biological Sciences Division; Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine; Chair, Committee on Molecular Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [306e, 318]

++

Michael F. Sorrell, MD

++

Robert L. Grissom Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska [363]

++

Eric J. Sorscher, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Genetics, Gwaltney Chair for Medical Research; Director, Gregory Fleming James Cystic Fibrosis Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama [313]

++

Frank E. Speizer, MD

++

E. H. Kass Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Professor of Environmental Science, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts [311]

++

Brad Spellberg, MD

++

Professor of Medicine; Associate Medical Director for Inpatient Services, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, California [242]

++

Nancy B. Spinner, PhD, FACMG

++

Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania; Chief, Division of Genomic Diagnostics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [83e]

++

Jerry L. Spivak, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Oncology, Hematology Division, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [131]

++

David D. Spragg, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University; Director, Electrophysiology Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland [273e-275]

++

E. William St. Clair, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [380]

++

Allen C. Steere, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [210]

++

Robert S. Stern, MD

++

Carl J. Herzog Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Dermatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [74]

++

Dennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington [156, 179]

++

Lynne Warner Stevenson, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Heart Failure Program, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [287]

++

William G. Stevenson, MD

++

Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [276, 277]

++

John H. Stone, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Clinical Rheumatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [391e]

++

Stephanie Studenski, MD, MPH

++

Director, Longitudinal Studies Section, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [11]

++

Lewis Sudarsky, MD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director of Movement Disorders, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [32]

++

Donna C. Sullivan, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical School, Jackson, Mississippi [238]

++

Shyam Sundar, MD, FRCP, FNA

++

Professor of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India [251]

++

Neeraj K. Surana, MD, PhD

++

Instructor in Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [144]

++

Paolo M. Suter, MD, MS

++

Professor, Clinic and Policlinic of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland [96e]

++

Richard M. Suzman, PhD

++

Director, Behavioral and Social Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [93e]

++

Robert A. Swerlick, MD

++

Alicia Leizman Stonecipher Professor and Chair of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [76e]

++

Homayoun Tabandeh, MD

++

Retina-Vitreous Associates Medical Group, Los Angeles, California [40e]

++

Geoffrey Tabin, MD

++

John and Marva Warnock Presidential Professor, University of Utah School of Medicine; Director, International Ophthalmology Division, John A. Moran Eye Center; Director, Himalayan Cataract Project, Salt Lake City, Utah [476e]

++

Maria Carmela Tartaglia, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Tanz Centre for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [37e]

++

Joel D. Taurog, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine, Rheumatic Diseases Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas [384]

++

Ayalew Tefferi, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [135e]

++

Stephen C. Textor, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [299, 341]

++

Rajesh V. Thakker, MD, FMedSci, FR

++

May Professor of Medicine, Academic Endocrine Unit, University of Oxford; O.C.D.E.M., Churchill Hospital, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom [408]

++

C. Louise Thwaites, MD, MBBS

++

Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [177]

++

Zelig A. Tochner, MD

++

Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Medical Director, Proton Therapy Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [263e]

++

Gordon F. Tomaselli, MD

++

Michel Mirowski, MD Professor of Cardiology; Professor of Medicine and Cellular and Molecular Medicine; Chief, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [273e-275]

++

Karina A. Top, MD, MS

++

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [185]

++

Mark Topazian, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [345, 346e]

++

Barbara W. Trautner, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine; Houston VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Houston, Texas [162]

++

Jeffrey M. Trent, PhD, FACMG

++

President and Research Director, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, Arizona; Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan [101e]

++

Elbert P. Trulock, III, MD

++

Rosemary and I. Jerome Flance Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [320e]

++

Kenneth L. Tyler, MD

++

Reuler-Lewin Family Professor and Chair of Neurology; Professor of Medicine, Immunology, and Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado; Neurologist, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado [164]

++

Athanasios G. Tzioufas, MD

++

Professor, Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [383]

++

Walter J. Urba, MD, PhD

++

Director of Research, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Cancer Center, Portland, Oregon [105]

++

Jos W. M. van der Meer, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine; Head, Department of General Internal Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands [26, 464e]

++

Edouard G. Vannier, PharmD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [249]

++

Gauri R. Varadhachary, MD

++

Professor, Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [120e]

++

John Varga, MD

++

John Hughes Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [382]

++

Christy A. Varughese, PharmD

++

Infectious Disease Specialist, Department of Pharmacy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [170]

++

Panayiotis G. Vlachoyiannopoulos, MD

++

Professor of Medicine-Immunology, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical School, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [379]

++

Bert Vogelstein, MD

++

Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Director, Ludwig Center at the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center; Clayton Professor of Oncology and Pathology; Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland [101e]

++

Everett E. Vokes, MD

++

John E. Ultmann Professor; Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois [106]

++

Tamara J. Vokes, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [426e]

++

Jiři F. P. Wagenaar, MD, PhD

++

Senior Scientist, WHO/FAO/OIE and National Leptospirosis Reference Centre, KIT Biomedical Research, KIT (Royal Tropical Institute), Amsterdam, The Netherlands [208]

++

Sushrut S. Waikar, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School; Director, Renal Ambulatory Services, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [334]

++

Matthew K. Waldor, MD, PhD

++

Edward H. Kass Professor of Medicine, Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Harvard Medical School and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [193]

++

David H. Walker, MD

++

The Carmage and Martha Walls Distinguished University Chair in Tropical Diseases; Professor and Chairman, Department of Pathology; Executive Director, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [211]

++

Mark F. Walker, MD

++

Associate Professor, Neurology, Case Western Reserve University; Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [28]

++

Fred Wang, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [214e, 220e]

++

John W. Warren, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [60e]

++

Aaron B. Waxman, MD, PhD, FACP, FCCP

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Executive Director, Center for Pulmonary-Heart Diseases, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Heart and Vascular Center, Boston, Massachusetts [304]

++

Michael E. Wechsler, MD, MMSc

++

Professor of Medicine; Director, Asthma Program, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado [310]

++

Anthony P. Weetman, MD, DSc

++

University of Sheffield, School of Medicine Sheffield, United Kingdom [405]

++

Robert A. Weinstein, MD

++

The C. Anderson Hedberg, MD Professor of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical College; Chief Academic Officer, Cook County Health and Hospitals System, Chicago, Illinois [168]

++

Jeffrey I. Weitz, MD, FRCP(C), FACP

++

Professor of Medicine and Biochemistry, McMaster University; Executive Director, Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [143]

++

Peter F. Weller, MD

++

Chief, Infectious Disease Division; Chief, Allergy and Inflammation Division; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [254-258, 260]

++

Andrew Wellman, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [319]

++

Patrick Y. Wen, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director, Center for Neuro-Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; Director, Division of Neuro-Oncology, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [118]

++

Michael R. Wessels, MD

++

John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics; Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [173]

++

L. Joseph Wheat, MD

++

President and Medical Director, MiraVista Diagnostics, LLC, Indianapolis, Indiana [236]

++

A. Clinton White, Jr., MD

++

Paul R. Stalnaker Distinguished Professor; Director, Infectious Disease Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [260]

++

Nicholas J. White, DSc, MD, FRCP, F Med Sci, FRS

++

Professor of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Mahidol-Oxford Research Unit, Bangkok, Thailand [248, 250e]

++

Richard J. Whitley, MD

++

Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics; Loeb Eminent Scholar Chair in Pediatrics; Professor of Microbiology, Medicine and Neurosurgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama [217]

++

Bruce U. Wintroub, MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [74]

++

Andrea S. Wolf, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor, and Director, Women’s Lung Cancer Program, Mt. Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York [482e]

++

Allan W. Wolkoff, MD

++

The Herman Lopata Chair in Liver Disease Research; Professor of Medicine and Anatomy and Structural Biology; Associate Chair of Medicine for Research; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases; Director, Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [359]

++

John B. Wong, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Chief, Division of Clinical Decision Making, Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [3]

++

Louis Michel Wong Kee Song, MD

++

Associate Professor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [345, 346e]

++

Robert L. Wortmann, MD, FACP, MACR

++

Professor Emeritus, Department of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, New Hampshire [431e]

++

Shirley H. Wray, MD, PhD, FRCP

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Master Clinician, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [41e]

++

Richard G. Wunderink, MD

++

Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [153]

++

Kim B. Yancey, MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Dallas, Texas [70, 73]

++

Janet A. Yellowitz, DMD, MPH

++

Associate Professor; Director, Geriatric Dentistry, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, Maryland [46e]

++

Lam Minh Yen, MD

++

Director, Tetanus Intensive Care Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [177]

++

Maria A. Yialamas, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [481e, 483e]

++

Neal S. Young, MD

++

Chief, Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; Director, NIH Center for Human Immunology, Autoimmunity and Inflammation, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [130]

++

Victor L. Yu, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [184]

++

Jing Zhou, MD, PhD, FASN

++

Director, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Developmental Biology of Disease, Renal Division; Director, Center for Polycystic Kidney Disease Research, Brigham and Women’s Hospital; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [339]

++

Werner Zimmerli, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Basel University; Interdisciplinary Unit of Orthopaedic Infection, Kantonspital Baselland, Liestal, Switzerland [158]

++

Laura A. Zimmerman, MPH

++

Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [230e]

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Fallecido.

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