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Colaboradores
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James L. Abbruzzese, MD

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Professor and Chair, Department of GI Medical Oncology; M.G. and Lillie Johnson Chair for Cancer Treatment and Research, University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [99]

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Jamil Aboulhosn, MD

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Assistant Professor, Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [236]

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John C. Achermann, MD, PhD

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Wellcome Trust Senior Fellow, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom [349]

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John W. Adamson, MD

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Clinical Professor of Medicine, Department of Hematology/Oncology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California [57, 103]

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Anthony A. Amato, MD

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Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [384, 385, 387]

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Michael J. Aminoff, MD, DSc

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Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [22, 23, e45]

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Neil M. Ampel, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona [200]

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Kenneth C. Anderson, MD

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Kraft Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [111, 113]

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Elliott M. Antman, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital; Boston, Massachusetts [243, 245]

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Frederick R. Appelbaum, MD

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Director, Division of Clinical Research, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington [114]

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Gordon L. Archer, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Microbiology/Immunology; Senior Associate Dean for Research and Research Training, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia [133]

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Cesar A. Arias, MD, PhD

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Assistant Professor, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas; Director, Molecular Genetics and Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, Universidad El Bosque, Bogotá, Colombia [137]

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Wiebke Arlt, MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci

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Professor of Medicine, Centre for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham; Consultant Endocrinologist, University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom [342]

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Valder R. Arruda, MD, PhD

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Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [116]

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Arthur K. Asbury, MD, FRCP

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Van Meter Professor Emeritus of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [23]

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John R. Asplin, MD

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Medical Director, Litholink Corporation; Chicago, Illinois [287]

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John C. Atherton, MD, FRCP

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Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre Biomedical Research Unit (NDDC BRU), University of Nottingham and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, United Kingdom [151]

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Evelyn Attia, MD

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Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons; Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York [79]

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Paul S. Auerbach, MD, MS

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Redlich Family Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California [396]

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K. Frank Austen, MD

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AstraZeneca Professor of Respiratory and Inflammatory Diseases; Director, Inflammation and Allergic Diseases Research Section, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [317]

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Eric H. Awtry, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Inpatient Clinical Director, Section of Cardiology, Boston Medical Center Boston, Massachusetts [240, e31]

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Bruce R. Bacon, MD

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James F. King, MD Endowed Chair in Gastroenterology; Professor of Internal Medicine, St. Louis University Liver Center, St. Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [308, 309]

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Lindsey R. Baden, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [178]

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John R. Balmes, MD

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Professor of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [256]

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Manisha Balwani, MD, MS

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Assistant Professor, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, New York, New York [358]

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Peter A. Banks, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [312, 313]

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Robert L. Barbieri, MD

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Kate Macy Ladd Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard Medical School; Chairperson, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [7]

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Joanne M. Bargman, MD, FRCPC

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Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto; Staff Nephrologist, University Health Network; Director, Home Peritoneal Dialysis Unit and Co-Director, Renal Rheumatology Lupus Clinic, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [280]

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Tamar F. Barlam, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [121, 146]

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Peter J. Barnes, DM, DSc, FMedSci, FRS

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Head of Respiratory Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom [254]

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Richard J. Barohn, MD

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Chairman, Department of Neurology; Gertrude and Dewey Ziegler Professor of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas [384]

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Miriam J. Baron, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [127]

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Rebecca M. Baron, MD

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Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [258]

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John G. Bartlett, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [258]

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Robert C. Basner, MD

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Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [Apéndice]

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Buddha Basnyat, MD, MSc, FACP, FRCP(E)

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Principal Investigator, Oxford University Clinical Research Unit-Patan Academy of Health Sciences; Medical Director, Nepal International Clinic, Kathmandu, Nepal [e51]

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Shari S. Bassuk, ScD

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Epidemiologist, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [348]

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John F. Bateman, PhD

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Director, Cell Biology, Development and Disease, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia [363]

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David W. Bates, MD, MSc

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, General Internal Medicine and Primary Care Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Medical Director, Clinical and Quality Analysis, Partners HealthCare System, Inc., Boston, Massachusetts [10]

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Robert P. Baughman, MD

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [329]

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M. Flint Beal, MD

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Chairman of Neurology and Neuroscience; Neurologist-in-Chief, New York Presbyterian Hospital; Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York [366, 376]

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Laurence H. Beck, Jr., MD, PhD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [285]

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Nicholas J. Beeching, MA, BM BCh, FRCP, FRACP, FFTM RCPS (Glasg),

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DCH, DTM&H Senior Lecturer (Clinical) in Infectious Diseases, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine; Clinical Lead, Tropical and Infectious Disease Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital; Honorary Consultant, Health Protection Agency; Honorary Civilian Consultant in Infectious Diseases, Army Medical Directorate, Liverpool, United Kingdom [157]

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Robert S. Benjamin, MD

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P.H. and Fay E. Robinson Distinguished Professor and Chair, Department of Sarcoma Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [98]

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Michael H. Bennett, MD, MBBS

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Conjoint Associate Professor in Anesthesia and Hyperbaric Medicine; Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales; Senior Staff Specialist, Department of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia [e52]

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Edward J. Benz, Jr., MD

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Richard and Susan Smith Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pediatrics, Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School; President and CEO, Dana- Farber Cancer Institute; Director, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center (DF/HCC), Boston, Massachusetts [104]

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Jean Bergounioux, MD, PhD

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Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France [154]

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Joseph R. Betancourt, MD, MPH

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, The Disparities Solutions Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e4]

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Atul K. Bhan, MBBS, MD

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Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Director of Immunopathology, Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e38]

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Shalender Bhasin, MD

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Professor of Medicine; Section Chief, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [346]

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Deepak L. Bhatt, MD, MPH

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief of Cardiology, VA Boston Healthcare System; Director, Integrated Interventional Cardiovascular Program, Brigham and Women's Hospital and VA Boston Healthcare System; Senior Investigator, TIMI Study Group, Boston, Massachusetts [246, e33]

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David R. Bickers, MD

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Carl Truman Nelson Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University Medical Center; Dermatologist-in-Chief, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York [56]

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Henry J. Binder, MD

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Professor Emeritus of Medicine; Senior Research Scientist, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut [294, e37]

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William R. Bishai, MD, PhD

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Professor and Co-Director, Center for Tuberculosis Research, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [138]

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Bruce R. Bistrian, MD, PhD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Clinical Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [76]

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Martin J. Blaser, MD

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Frederick H. King Professor of Internal Medicine; Chair, Department of Medicine; Professor of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York [151, 155]

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Gijs Bleijenberg, PhD

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Professor; Head, Expert Centre for Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands [389]

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Clara D. Bloomfield, MD

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Distinguished University Professor; William G. Pace, III Professor of Cancer Research; Cancer Scholar and Senior Advisor, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center; Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, Columbus, Ohio [109]

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Richard S. Blumberg, MD

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Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [295]

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Jean L. Bolognia, MD

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Professor of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [53]

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Joseph V. Bonventre, MD, PhD

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Samuel A. Levine Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Renal Division; Chief, BWH HST Division of Bioengineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [279]

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George J. Bosl, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College; Chair, Department of Medicine; Patrick M. Byrne Chair in Clinical Oncology, Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [96]

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Richard C. Boucher, MD

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Kenan Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine; Director, Cystic Fibrosis/Pulmonary Research and Treatment Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina [259]

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Eugene Braunwald, MD, MA (Hon), ScD (Hon) FRCP

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Distinguished Hersey Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Founding Chairman, TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [36, 239, 244]

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Irwin M. Braverman, MD

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Professor of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut [53]

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Otis W. Brawley, MD

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Chief Medical Officer, American Cancer Society Professor of Hematology, Oncology, Medicine, and Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia [82]

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Joel G. Breman, MD, DTPH

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Scientist Emeritus, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [210, e27]

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George J. Brewer, MD

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Morton S. and Henrietta K. Sellner Professor Emeritus of Human Genetics; Emeritus Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Senior Vice President for Research and Development, Adeona Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ann Arbor, Michigan [360]

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Josephine P. Briggs, MD

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Director, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [e2]

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F. Richard Bringhurst, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [352]

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Steven M. Bromley, MD

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Clinical Assistant Professor of Neurology, Department of Medicine, New Jersey School of Medicine and Dentistry–Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, New Jersey [29]

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Kevin E. Brown, MD, MRCP, FRCPath

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Consultant Medical Virologist, Virus Reference Department, Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom [184]

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Robert H. Brown, Jr., MD, PhD

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Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [374, 387]

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Amy E. Bryant, PhD

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Research Scientist, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho; Affiliate Assistant Professor, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington [142]

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Christopher M. Burns, MD

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Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, Dartmouth Medical School; Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [359]

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David M. Burns, MD

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Professor Emeritus, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California [395]

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Stephen B. Calderwood, MD

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Morton Swartz MD Academy Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Molecular Genetics), Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [128]

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Michael V. Callahan, MD, DTM&H (UK), MSPH

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Clinical Associate Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Program Manager, Biodefense, Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA), United States Department of Defense, Washington, DC [18]

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Michael Camilleri, MD

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Atherton and Winifred W. Bean Professor; Professor of Medicine and Physiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [40]

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Christopher P. Cannon, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Investigator, TIMI Study Group, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [244]

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Jonathan Carapetis, PhD, MBBS, FRACP, FAFPHM

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Director, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia [322]

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Kathryn M. Carbone, MD

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Deputy Scientific Director, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, Maryland [194]

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Brian I. Carr, MD, PhD, FRCP

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Professor of Oncology and Hepatology, IRCCS De Bellis Medical Research Institute, Castellana Grotte, Italy [92]

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Arturo Casadevall, MD, PhD

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Chair, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York [202]

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Agustin Castellanos, MD

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Professor of Medicine, and Director, Clinical Electrophysiology, Division of Cardiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [273]

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Bartolome R. Celli, MD

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Lecturer on Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Staff Physician, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [269]

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Murali Chakinala, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [234]

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Anil Chandraker, MD, FASN, FRCP

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director of Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation; Assistant Director, Schuster Family Transplantation Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [282]

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Stanley W. Chapman, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi [201]

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Panithaya Chareonthaitawee, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [229, e29]

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Lan X. Chen, MD, PhD

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Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [333]

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Yuan-Tsong Chen, MD, PhD

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Distinguished Research Fellow, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taiwan [362]

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Glenn M. Chertow, MD, MPH

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Norman S. Coplon/Satellite Healthcare Professor of Medicine; Chief, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California [281]

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John S. Child, MD, FACC, FAHA, FASE

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Streisand Professor of Medicine and Cardiology, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Director, Ahmanson-UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center; Director, UCLA Adult Noninvasive Cardiodiagnostics Laboratory, Ronald Reagan-UCLA Medical Center; Los Angeles, California [236]

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Augustine M. K. Choi, MD

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Parker B. Francis Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [251, 253, 268]

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Irene Chong, MRCP, FRCR

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Clinical Research Fellow, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London and Sutton, United Kingdom [93]

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Raymond T. Chung, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Hepatology; Vice Chief, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [310]

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Fredric L. Coe, MD

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Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [287]

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Jeffrey I. Cohen, MD

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Chief, Medical Virology Section, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [181, 191]

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Ronit Cohen-Poradosu, MD

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Senior Physician, Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Hadassah Hebrew Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel [164]

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Francis S. Collins, MD, PhD

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Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [83]

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Wilson S. Colucci, MD

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Thomas J. Ryan Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief of Cardiovascular Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [240, e31]

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Darwin L. Conwell, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [312, 313]

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Michael J. Corbel, PhD, DSc, FRCPath

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Head, Division of Bacteriology, National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom [157]

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William Edward Corcoran, V, MD

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Clinical Instructor, Harvard Medical School; Cardiothoracic Fellow, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e54]

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Kathleen E. Corey, MD, MPH

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Clinical and Research Fellow, Harvard Medical School; Fellow, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [43]

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Lawrence Corey, MD

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Professor of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine and Head, Virology Division, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington; Head, Program in Infectious Diseases, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington [179]

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Felicia Cosman, MD

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Professor of Clinical Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York [354]

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Mark A. Creager, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Simon C. Fireman Scholar in Cardiovascular Medicine; Director, Vascular Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [248, 249]

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Leslie J. Crofford, MD

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Gloria W. Singletary Professor of Internal Medicine; Chief, Division of Rheumatology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky [335]

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Jennifer M. Croswell, MD, MPH

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Acting Director, Office of Medical Applications of Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [82]

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Philip E. Cryer, MD

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Irene E. and Michael M. Karl Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism in Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine; Physician, Barnes- Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri [345]

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David Cunningham, MD, FRCP

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Professor of Cancer Medicine, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London and Sutton, United Kingdom [93]

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John J. Cush, MD

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Director of Clinical Rheumatology, Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, Texas [331]

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Charles A. Czeisler, MD, PhD, FRCP

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Baldino Professor of Sleep Medicine; Director, Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

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Marinos C. Dalakas, MD, FAAN

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Professor of Neurology, Department of Pathophysiology, National University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece [388]

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Josep Dalmau, MD, PhD

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ICREA Research Professor, Institute for Biomedical Investigations, August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS)/Hospital Clinic, Department of Neurology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Adjunct Professor of Neurology University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [101]

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Daniel F. Danzl, MD

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University of Louisville, Department of Emergency Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky [19]

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Robert B. Daroff, MD

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Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; University Hospitals–Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [21]

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Charles E. Davis, MD

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Professor of Pathology and Medicine, Emeritus, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine; Director Emeritus, Microbiology, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California [e25]

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Stephen N. Davis, MBBS, FRCP

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Theodore E. Woodward Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland [345]

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Lisa M. DeAngelis, MD

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Professor of Neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College; Chair, Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [379]

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John Del Valle, MD

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Professor and Senior Associate Chair of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan [293]

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Marie B. Demay, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [352]

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Bradley M. Denker, MD

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Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Chief of Nephrology, Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, Boston, Massachusetts [44]

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David W. Denning, MB BS, FRCP, FRCPath

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Professor of Medicine and Medical Mycology; Director, National Aspergillosis Centre, The University of Manchester and Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom [204]

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Robert J. Desnick, MD, PhD

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Dean for Genetics and Genomics; Professor and Chairman, Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, New York, New York [358]

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Richard A. Deyo, MD, MPH

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Kaiser Permanente Professor of Evidence-Based Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Department of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Center for Research in Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health and Science University; Clinical Investigator, Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, Oregon [15]

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Betty Diamond, MD

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The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, North Shore LIJ Health System; Center for Autoimmunity and Musculoskeletal Diseases, Manhasset, New York [318]

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Jules L. Dienstag, MD

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Carl W. Walter Professor of Medicine and Dean for Medical Education, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Gastrointestinal Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [304, 305, 306, 310, e38]

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William P. Dillon, MD

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Elizabeth Guillaumin Professor of Radiology, Neurology and Neurosurgery; Executive Vice-Chair, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [368, e44]

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Charles A. Dinarello, MD

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Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado [16]

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Raphael Dolin, MD

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Maxwell Finland Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Molecular Genetics), Harvard Medical School; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [178, 186, 187]

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Richard L. Doty, PhD

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Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery; Director, Smell and Taste Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [29]

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Neil J. Douglas, MD, MB ChB, DSc, Hon MD, FRCPE

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Professor of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom [265]

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Daniel B. Drachman, MD

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Professor of Neurology and Neuroscience, W. W. Smith Charitable Trust Professor of Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [386]

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David F. Driscoll, PhD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worchester, Massachusetts [76]

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Thomas D. DuBose, Jr., MD, MACP

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Tinsley R. Harrison Professor and Chair, Internal Medicine; Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina [47, e15]

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J. Stephen Dumler, MD

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Professor, Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [174]

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Andrea Dunaif, MD

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Charles F. Kettering Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism; Vice-Chair for Research, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [6]

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Samuel C. Durso, MD, MBA

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Mason F. Lord Professor of Medicine; Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [32, e12]

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Janice Dutcher, MD

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Department of Oncology, New York Medical College, Montefiore, Bronx, New York [276]

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Mark S. Dworkin, MD, MPH&TM

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Associate Professor, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, Chicago, Illinois [172]

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Johanna Dwyer, DSc, RD

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Professor of Medicine (Nutrition), Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University School of Medicine; Director, Frances Stern Nutrition Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [73]

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Jeffery S. Dzieczkowski, MD

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Physician, St. Alphonsus Regional Medical Center; Medical Director, Coagulation Clinic, Saint Alphonsus Medical Group, International Medicine and Travel Medicine, Boise, Idaho [113]

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Kim A. Eagle, MD

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Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine; Director, Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [8]

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Robert H. Eckel, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Division of Cardiology; Professor of Physiology and Biophysics, Charles A. Boettcher, II Chair in Atherosclerosis, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Director Lipid Clinic, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado [242]

++
++

John E. Edwards, Jr., MD

++

Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Harbor/University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center, Torrance, California; Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California [198, 203]

++
++

David A. Ehrmann, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [49]

++
++

Andrew J. Einstein, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Department of Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center and New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++
++

Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD

++

Chief, Department of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [9]

++
++

Joey D. English, MD

++

Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Neurology, Univeristy of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [370]

++
++

John W. Engstrom, MD

++

Betty Anker Fife Distinguished Professor of Neurology; Neurology Residency Program Director; Clinical Chief of Service, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [15, 375]

++
++

Moshe Ephros, MD

++

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology; Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Carmel Medical Center; Haifa, Israel [160]

++
++

Jonathan A. Epstein, MD, DTMH

++

William Wikoff Smith Professor of Medicine; Chairman, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology; Scientific Director, Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [224]

++
++

Tim Evans, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Director-General, Information, Evidence, and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland [e1]

++
++

Christopher Fanta, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Member, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [34]

++
++

Paul Farmer, MD, PhD

++

Kolokotrones University Professor, Harvard University; Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Co-Founder, Partners in Health, Boston, Massachusetts [2]

++
++

Anthony S. Fauci, MD, DSc (Hon), DM&S (Hon), DHL (Hon), DPS (Hon), DLM (Hon), DMS (Hon)

++

Chief, Laboratory of Immunoregulation; Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [1, 188, 189, 221, 314, 326, e40]

++
++

Murray J. Favus, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Director Bone Program, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [287, 355]

++
++

David P. Faxon, MD

++

Senior Lecturer, Harvard Medical School; Vice Chair of Medicine for Strategic Planning, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [230, 246, e33]

++
++

David T. Felson, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology; Chair, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [332]

++
++

Luigi Ferrucci, MD, PhD

++

Director, Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging National Institute of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [72]

++
++

Howard L. Fields, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [11]

++
++

Gregory A. Filice, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota [162]

++
++

Robert Finberg, MD

++

Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [86, 132]

++
++

Joyce Fingeroth, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [132]

++
++

Alain Fischer, MD, PhD

++

University Paris Descartes, Inserm Unit 768; Immunology and Pediatric Hematology Unit, Necker Children's Hospital, Paris, France [316, e39]

++
++

Jeffrey S. Flier, MD

++

Caroline Shields Walker Professor of Medicine and Dean, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [77]

++
++

Agnes B. Fogo, MD

++

John L. Shapiro Professor of Pathology; Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [e14]

++
++

Larry C. Ford, MD

++

Associate Researcher, Divisions of Clinical Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah [31]

++
++

Jane E. Freedman, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [117]

++
++

Roy Freeman, MBCHB

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [20]

++
++

Gyorgy Frendl, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Harvard Medical School; Director of Research, Surgical Critical Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e54]

++
++

Carl E. Freter, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology, University of Missouri; Ellis Fischel Cancer Center, Columbia, Missouri [102]

++
++

Lawrence S. Friedman, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Assistant Chief of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Chair, Department of Medicine, Newton-Wellesley Hospital, Newton, Massachusetts [43]

++
++

Sonia Friedman, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [295]

++
++

Anne L. Fuhlbrigge, MD, MS

++

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [253]

++
++

Andre Furtado, MD

++

Associate Specialist at the Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e44]

++
++

Robert F. Gagel, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Head, Division of Internal Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [351]

++
++

Nicholas B. Galifianakis, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Clinical Professor, Surgical Movement Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e8]

++
++

John I. Gallin, MD

++

Director, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [60]

++
++

Charlotte A. Gaydos, DrPh, MPH, MS

++

Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [176]

++
++

J. Michael Gaziano, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Aging, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Director, Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Center, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [225]

++
++

Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc

++

Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Professor, Health Policy and Management, Center for Health Decision Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health; Associate Physician in Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [225]

++
++

Susan L. Gearhart, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Colorectal Surgery and Oncology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [297, 298]

++
++

Robert H. Gelber, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Medicine and Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [166]

++
++

Jeffrey A. Gelfand, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [18, 211]

++
++

Alfred L. George, Jr., MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology; Chief, Division of Genetic Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [277]

++
++

Dale N. Gerding, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine; Associate Chief of Staff for Research and Development, Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois [129]

++
++

Alicia K. Gerke, MD

++

Associate, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa [255]

++
++

Michael Geschwind, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [e8]

++
++

Marc G. Ghany, MD, MHSc

++

Staff Physician, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [301]

++
++

Michael Giladi, MD, MSc

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel [160]

++
++

Bruce C. Gilliland, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington [337]

++

†Fallecido.

++
++

Roger I. Glass, MD, PhD

++

Director, Fogarty International Center, Bethesda, Maryland [190]

++
++

Eli Glatstein, MD

++

Professor and Vice Chairman, Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [223]

++
++

Peter J. Goadsby, MD, PhD, DSc, FRACP FRCP

++

Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, California; Honorary Consultant Neurologist, Hospital for Sick Children, London, United Kingdom [14]

++
++

Ary L. Goldberger, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [228, e28, e30]

++
++

David Goldblatt, PhD, MBChB, FRCP, FRCPCH

++

Professor of Vaccinology and Immunology; Consultant in Paediatric Immunology; Director of Clinical Research and Development; Director, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Child Health; University College London; Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom [134]

++
++

Samuel Z. Goldhaber, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Venous Thromboembolism Research Group, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [262]

++
++

Ralph Gonzales, MD, MSPH

++

Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [31]

++
++

Douglas S. Goodin, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [380]

++
++

Craig E. Gordon, MD, MS

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Attending, Section of Nephrology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [284]

++
++

Jeffrey I. Gordon, MD

++

Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor; Director, Center for Genome Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [64]

++
++

Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e10]

++
++

Gregory A. Grabowski, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Pediatrics, and Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, A. Graeme Mitchell Chair in Human Genetics; Director, Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [361]

++
++

Alexander R. Green, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Director, The Disparities Solutions Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e4]

++
++

Norton J. Greenberger, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [311, 312, 313]

++
++

Daryl R. Gress, MD, FAAN, FCCM

++

Professor of Neurocritical Care and Stroke; Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [275]

++
++

Rasim Gucalp, MD

++

Professor of Clinical Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Associate Chairman for Educational Programs, Department of Oncology; Director, Hematology/Oncology Fellowship, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [276]

++
++

Kalpana Gupta, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Infectious Diseases, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [288]

++
++

John G. Haaga, MD

++

Deputy Associate Director, Behavioral and Social Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [70]

++
++

Chadi A. Hage, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary–Critical Care and Infectious Diseases, Roudebush VA Medical Center; Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana [199]

++
++

Bevra Hannahs Hahn, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California [319]

++
++

Janet E. Hall, MD, MSc

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [50, 347]

++
++

Jesse B. Hall, MD, FCCP

++

Professor of Medicine, Anesthesia and Critical Care; Chief, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [267]

++
++

Scott A. Halperin, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics and Microbiology and Immunology; CIHR/Wyeth Chair in Clinical Vaccine Research; Head, Pediatric Infectious Diseases; Director, Canadian Center for Vaccinology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [148]

++
++

R. Doug Hardy, MD

++

Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [175]

++
++

Raymond C. Harris, MD

++

Ann and Roscoe R. Robinson Professor of Medicine; Chief, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [278]

++
++

William L. Hasler, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [39, 290]

++
++

Terry Hassold, PhD

++

Eastlick Distinguished Professor; Director, Center for Reproductive Biology, Washington State University School of Molecular Biosciences, Pullman, Washington [62]

++
++

Stephen L. Hauser, MD

++

Robert A. Fishman Distinguished Professor and Chairman, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [1, 366, 367, 376, 377, 380, 385, e46]

++
++

Barton F. Haynes, MD

++

Frederic M. Hanes Professor of Medicine and Immunology, Departments of Medicine and Immunology; Director, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina [314]

++
++

Douglas C. Heimburger, MD, MS

++

Professor of Medicine; Associate Director for Education and Training, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [75]

++
++

J. Claude Hemphill, III, MD, MAS

++

Professor of Clinical Neurology and Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco; Director of Neurocritical Care, San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California [275]

++
++

Patrick H. Henry, MD

++

Clinical Adjunct Professor of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa [59]

++
++

Katherine A. High, MD

++

Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; William H. Bennett Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Director, Center for Cellular and Molecular Therapeutics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [68, 116]

++
++

Ikuo Hirano, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [38, 292]

++
++

Martin S. Hirsch, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts [182]

++
++

Helen H. Hobbs, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland [356]

++
++

Judith S. Hochman, MD

++

Harold Snyder Family Professor of Cardiology; Clinical Chief, Leon Charney Division of Cardiology; Co-Director, NYU-HHC Clinical and Translational Science Institute; Director, Cardiovascular Clinical Research Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York [272]

++
++

A. Victor Hoffbrand, DM

++

Professor Emeritus of Haematology, University College, London; Honorary Consultant Haematologist, Royal Free Hospital, London, United Kingdom [105]

++
++

David M. Hoganson, MD

++

Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Organ Fabrication Center for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [69]

++
++

Charles W. Hoge, MD

++

Senior Scientist and Staff Psychiatrist, Center for Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and Water Reed Army Medical Center, Silver Spring, Maryland [e48]

++
++

Elizabeth L. Hohmann, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [139]

++
++

Steven M. Holland, MD

++

Chief, Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [60, 167]

++
++

King K. Holmes, MD, PhD

++

Chair, Global Health; Professor of Medicine and Global Health; Adjunct Professor, Epidemiology; Director, Center for AIDS and STD; University of Washington School of Medicine; Head, Infectious Diseases Section, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington [130]

++
++

Jay H. Hoofnagle, MD

++

Director, Liver Diseases Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [301]

++
++

Robert Hopkin, MD

++

Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [361]

++
++

Leora Horn, MD, MSc

++

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [89]

++
++

Jonathan C. Horton, MD, PhD

++

William F. Hoyt Professor of Neuro-ophthalmology, Professor of Ophthalmology, Neurology and Physiology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [28]

++
++

Howard Hu, MD

++

Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan [e49]

++
++

Gary W. Hunninghake, MD

++

Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa [255]

++
++

Sharon A. Hunt, MD, FACC

++

Professor, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California [235]

++
++

Charles G. Hurst, MD

++

Chief, Chemical Casualty Care Division, United States Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, APG-Edgewood Area, Maryland [222]

++
++

Ashraf S. Ibrahim, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor–UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California [205]

++
++

David H. Ingbar, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Physiology; Director, Pulmonary Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Division, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota [272]

++
++

Alan C. Jackson, MD, FRCPC

++

Professor of Medicine (Neurology) and Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba; Section Head of Neurology, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada [195]

++
++

Lisa A. Jackson, MD, MPH

++

Senior Investigator, Group Health Research Institute; Research Professor, Department of Epidemiology; Adjunct Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [122]

++
++

Richard F. Jacobs, MD

++

Robert H. Fiser, Jr., MD Endowed Chair in Pediatrics; Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; President, Arkansas Children's Hospital Research Institute, Little Rock, Arkansas [158]

++
++

J. Larry Jameson, MD, PhD

++

Robert G. Dunlop Professor of Medicine; Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Executive Vice President of the University of Pennsylvania for the Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1, 61, 63, 80, 100, 338, 339, 341, 346, 349, e41]

++
++

Robert T. Jensen, MD

++

Digestive Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes; Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [350]

++
++

David H. Johnson, MD, FACP

++

Donald W. Seldin Distinguished Chair in Internal Medicine; Professor and Chairman, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical School, Dallas, Texas [89]

++
++

James R. Johnson, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota [149]

++
++

Stuart Johnson, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine; Staff Physician, Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois [129]

++
++

S. Claiborne Johnston, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Neurology and Epidemiology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [370]

++
++

S. Andrew Josephson, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Neurology; Director, Neurohospitalist Program, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [25, e47]

++
++

Harald Jüppner, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics, Endocrine Unit and Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [353]

++
++

Peter J. Kahrilas, MD

++

Gilbert H. Marquardt Professor in Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [38, 292]

++
++

Gail Kang, MD

++

Assistant Clinical Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e8]

++
++

Marshall M. Kaplan, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [42, 302]

++
++

Adolf W. Karchmer, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [124]

++
++

Dennis L. Kasper, MD, MA (Hon)

++

William Ellery Channing Professor of Medicine and Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School; Director, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 119, 121, 127, 146, 164]

++
++

Lloyd H. Kasper, MD

++

Professor of Medicine (Neurology) and Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire [214]

++
++

Daniel L. Kastner, MD, PhD

++

Scientific Director, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [330]

++
++

Carol A. Kauffman, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School; Chief, Infectious Diseases Section, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [206]

++
++

Elaine T. Kaye, MD

++

Assistant Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [17, e7]

++
++

Kenneth M. Kaye, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [17, e7]

++
++

John A. Kessler, MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [67]

++
++

Jay S. Keystone, MD, FRCPC, MSc (CTM)

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada [123]

++
++

Sundeep Khosla, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Physiology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [46]

++
++

Elliott Kieff, MD, PhD

++

Harriet Ryan Albee Professor, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Infectious Diseases Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [177]

++
++

Anthony A. Killeen, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor; Director of Clinical Laboratories, University of Minnesota Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota [e53]

++
++

Jim Yong Kim, MD, PhD

++

Chair, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, Harvard School of Public Health; Chief, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [2]

++
++

Kami Kim, MD

++

Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases) and of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York [214]

++
++

Lindsay King, MD

++

Clinical and Research Fellow, Department of Medicine, Gastrointestinal Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e56]

++
++

Talmadge E. King, Jr., MD

++

Julius R. Krevans Distinguished Professor in Internal Medicine; Chair, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [261]

++
++

Louis V. Kirchhoff, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Internal Medicine (Infectious Diseases) and Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa [213]

++
++

Priya S. Kishnani, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [362]

++
++

Rob Knight, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado [64]

++
++

Minoru S. H. Ko, MD, PhD

++

Senior Investigator and Chief, Developmental Genomics and Aging Section, Laboratory of Genetics, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [65]

++
++

Barbara Konkle, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Hematology, University of Washington; Director, Translational Research, Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, Washington [58, 115]

++
++

Peter Kopp, MD

++

Associate Professor, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Science, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [61]

++
++

Walter J. Koroshetz, MD

++

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [382]

++
++

Thomas R. Kosten, MD

++

Baylor College of Medicine; Veteran's Administration Medical Center, Houston, Texas [393]

++
++

Theodore A. Kotchen, MD

++

Professor Emeritus, Department of Medicine; Associate Dean for Clinical Research, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [247]

++
++

Phyllis E. Kozarsky, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [123]

++
++

Barnett S. Kramer, MD, MPH

++

Associate Director for Disease Prevention, Office of Disease Prevention, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [82]

++
++

Joel Kramer, PsyD

++

Clinical Professor of Neuropsychology in Neurology; Director of Neuropsychology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e10]

++
++

Stephen M. Krane, MD

++

Persis, Cyrus and Marlow B. Harrison Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [352]

++
++

Alexander Kratz, MD, PhD, MPH

++

Associate Professor of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Director, Core Laboratory, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++
++

John P. Kress, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [267]

++
++

Patricia Kritek, MD, EdM

++

Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [34, 251, e34]

++
++

Henry M. Kronenberg, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [352]

++
++

Robert F. Kushner, MD, MS

++

Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [78]

++
++

Loren Laine, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California [41]

++
++

Anil K. Lalwani, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Otolaryngology, Pediatrics, and Physiology and Neuroscience, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York [30]

++
++

H. Clifford Lane, MD

++

Clinical Director; Director, Division of Clinical Research; Deputy Director, Clinical Research and Special Projects; Chief, Clinical and Molecular Retrovirology Section, Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [189, 221]

++
++

Carol A. Langford, MD, MHS

++

Director, Center for Vasculitis Care and Research, Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [326, 328, 336, 337, e40]

++
++

Regina C. LaRocque, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [128]

++
++

Wei C. Lau, MD

++

Associate Professor, Medical Director, Cardiovascular Center Operating Rooms; Director, Adult Cardiovascular and Thoracic Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [8]

++
++

Leslie P. Lawley, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia [52]

++
++

Thomas J. Lawley, MD

++

William P. Timmie Professor of Dermatology, Dean, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [51, 52, 54, e16]

++
++

Thomas H. Lee, MD, MSc

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Network President, Partners Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts [12]

++
++

Jane A. Leopold, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [230, e33]

++
++

Nelson Leung, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [286]

++
++

Bruce D. Levy, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [268]

++
++

Julia B. Lewis, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee [283]

++
++

Peter Libby, MD

++

Mallinckrodt Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [224, 241, e32]

++
++

Richard W. Light, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee [263]

++
++

Julie Lin, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [44]

++
++

Robert Lindsay, MD, PhD

++

Chief, Internal Medicine; Professor of Clinical Medicine, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York [354]

++
++

Marc E. Lippman, MD, MACP

++

Kathleen and Stanley Glaser Professor; Chairman, Department of Medicine, Deputy Director, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [90]

++
++

Peter E. Lipsky, MD

++

Charlottesville, Virginia [318, 331]

++
++

Kathleen D. Liu, MD, PhD, MAS

++

Assistant Professor, Divisions of Nephrology and Critical Care Medicine, Departments of Medicine and Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [281]

++
++

Bernard Lo, MD

++

Professor of Medicine; Director, Program in Medical Ethics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e5]

++
++

Dan L. Longo, MD

++

Lecturer, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Senior Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; Adjunct Investigator, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [1, 57, 59, 66, 81, 84, 85, 100, 102, 110, 111, 188, e6, e17, e20, e21]

++
++

Nicola Longo, MD, PhD, MACP

++

Professor of Pediatrics; Chief, Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah [364, 365]

++
++

Joseph Loscalzo, MD, PhD

++

Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [1, 35, 36, 37, 117, 224, 226, 227, 237, 238, 243, 245, 248, 249, e13, e19]

++
++

Phillip A. Low, MD

++

Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Professor of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [375]

++
++

Daniel H. Lowenstein, MD

++

Dr. Robert B. and Mrs. Ellinor Aird Professor of Neurology; Director, Epilepsy Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [367, 369, e42]

++
++

Elyse E. Lower, MD

++

Medical Oncology and Hematology, University of Cincinnati; Oncology Hematology Care, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio [329]

++
++

Franklin D. Lowy, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Pathology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York [135]

++
++

Sheila A. Lukehart, PhD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [169, 170]

++
++

Lucio Luzzatto, MD, FRCP, FRCPath

++

Professor of Haematology, University of Genova, Scientific Director Istituto Toscano Tumori, Italy [106]

++
++

Lawrence C. Madoff, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Director, Division of Epidemiology and Immunization, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts [119, 334, e23, e24]

++
++

Emily Nelson Maher, MD

++

Clinical Instructor, Department of Anesthesiology, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e57]

++
++

Adel A. F. Mahmoud, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Molecular Biology and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey [219]

++
++

Ronald V. Maier, MD

++

Jane and Donald D. Trunkey Professor and Vice-Chair, Surgery, University of Washington; Surgeon-in-Chief, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington [270]

++
++

Mark E. Mailliard, MD

++

Frederick F. Paustian Professor; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska College of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska [307]

++
++

Hari R. Mallidi, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery; Director of Mechanical Circulatory Support, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California [235]

++
++

Hanna Mandel, MD

++

Director, Pediatric Metabolic Disorders, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel [e18]

++
++

Brian F. Mandell, MD, PhD, MACP, FACR

++

Professor and Chairman of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine; Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Disease, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio [336]

++
++

Lionel A. Mandell, MD, FRCP(C), FRCP(LOND)

++

Professor of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [257]

++
++

Douglas L. Mann, MD

++

Lewin Chair and Chief, Cardiovascular Division; Professor of Medicine, Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [234]

++
++

JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH

++

Professor of Medicine and the Michael and Lee Bell Professor of Women's Health, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [348]

++
++

Eleftheria Maratos-Flier, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Division of Endocrinology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [77]

++
++

Francis Marchlinski, MD

++

Professor of Medicine; Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [233]

++
++

Guido Marcucci, MD

++

Professor of Medicine; John B. and Jane T. McCoy Chair in Cancer Research; Associate Director of Translational Research, Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio [109]

++
++

Daniel B. Mark, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center; Director, Outcomes Research, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina [3]

++
++

Alexander G. Marneros, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts; Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts [56]

++
++

Jeanne M. Marrazzo, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington [130]

++
++

Thomas Marrie, MD

++

Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada [174]

++
++

Gary J. Martin, MD

++

Raymond J. Langenbach, MD Professor of Medicine; Vice Chairman for Faculty Affairs, Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [4]

++
++

George M. Martin, MD

++

Professor of Pathology Emeritus, Adjunct Professor of Genome Sciences (Retired), University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Visiting Scholar, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [71]

++
++

Joseph B. Martin, MD, PhD

++

Edward R. and Anne G. Lefler Professor, Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [367]

++
++

Matthew Martinez, MD

++

Lehigh Valley Physician Group, Lehigh Valley Heart Specialists, Allentown, Pennsylvania [229, e29]

++
++

Susan Maslanka, PhD

++

Enteric Diseases Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [141]

++
++

Robert J. Mayer, MD

++

Stephen B. Kay Family Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [91]

++
++

Alexander J. McAdam, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e22]

++
++

Calvin O. McCall, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center; Chief, Dermatology Section, Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia [52]

++
++

John F. McConville, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [264]

++
++

Kevin T. McVary, MD, FACS

++

Professor of Urology, Department of Urology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [48]

++
++

Nancy K. Mello, PhD

++

Professor of Psychology (Neuroscience), Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Director, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts [394]

++
++

Shlomo Melmed, MD

++

Senior Vice President and Dean of the Medical Faculty, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California [339]

++
++

Jack H. Mendelson, MD

++

Professor of Psychiatry (Neuroscience), Harvard Medical School, Belmont, Massachusetts [394]

++

†Fallecido.

++
++

Robert O. Messing, MD

++

Professor, Department of Neurology; Senior Associate Director, Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [390]

++
++

M.-Marsel Mesulam, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry and Psychology, Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [26]

++
++

Susan Miesfeldt, MD

++

Mercy Hospital, Maine Centers for Cancer Medicine, Scarbrough, Maine [63]

++
++

Edgar L. Milford, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [282]

++
++

Bruce L. Miller, MD

++

AW and Mary Margaret Clausen Distinguished Professor of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California [25, 371, 383, e9, e10]

++
++

Samuel I. Miller, MD

++

Professor of Genome Sciences, Medicine, and Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington [153]

++
++

Simon J. Mitchell, MB ChB, PhD

++

Associate Professor in Anesthesiology, Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland; Consultant Anesthetist, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand [e52]

++
++

Thomas A. Moore, MD, FACP, FIDSA

++

Chairman, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, Louisiana [208, e26]

++
++

Pat J. Morin, PhD

++

Senior Investigator, Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Immunology, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland [83]

++
++

Charles A. Morris, MD, MPH

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e55, e57]

++
++

William J. Moss, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor, Departments of Epidemiology, International Health, and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland [192]

++
++

Robert J. Motzer, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College; Attending Physician, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [94, 96]

++
++

David B. Mount, MD, FRCPC

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Renal Division, VA Boston Healthcare System; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [45, e15]

++
++

Haralampos M. Moutsopoulos, MD, FACP, FRCP, Master ACR

++

Professor and Director, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical School, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [320, 324, 327]

++
++

Robert S. Munford, MD

++

Bethesda, Maryland [271]

++
++

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Director, Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [111]

++
++

John R. Murphy, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine and Microbiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [138]

++
++

Timothy F. Murphy, MD

++

UB Distinguished Professor of Medicine and Microbiology, University of Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [145]

++
++

Barbara E. Murray, MD

++

J. Ralph Meadows Professor and Director, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas [137]

++
++

Joseph A. Murray, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Departments of Internal Medicine and Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [40]

++
++

Mark B. Mycyk, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine; Rush University School of Medicine, Research Director, Division of Toxicology, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois [e50]

++
++

Robert J. Myerburg, MD

++

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Cardiology; AHA Chair in Cardiovascular Research, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida [273]

++
++

Hari Nadiminti, MD

++

Clinical Instructor, Department of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [87]

++
++

Edward T. Naureckas, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [252]

++
++

Eric G. Neilson, MD

++

Thomas Fearn Frist Senior Professor of Medicine and Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [277, 278, 283, e14]

++
++

Gerald T. Nepom, MD, PhD

++

Director, Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason; Director, Immune Tolerance Network; Professor, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington [315]

++
++

Eric J. Nestler, MD, PhD

++

Nash Family Professor and Chair, Department of Neuroscience; Director, Friedman Brain Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York [390]

++
++

Hartmut P. H. Neumann, MD

++

Head, Section Preventative Medicine, Department of Nephrology and General Medicine, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Germany [343]

++
++

Joseph P. Newhouse, PhD

++

John D. MacArthur Professor of Health Policy and Management, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School; Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard Kennedy School; Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts [e3]

++
++

Jonathan Newmark, MD

++

Colonel, Medical Corps, US Army; Deputy Joint Program Executive Officer, Medical Systems, Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical/Biological Defense, US Department of Defense, Falls Church, Virginia; Chemical Casualty Care Consultant to the US Army Surgeon General; Adjunct Professor of Neurology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland [222]

++
++

Rick A. Nishimura, MD, FACC, FACP

++

Judd and Mary Morris Leighton Professor of Cardiovascular Diseases; Professor of Medicine; Consultant, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota [229, e29]

++
++

Robert L. Norris, MD

++

Professor, Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California [396]

++
++

Thomas B. Nutman, MD

++

Head, Helminth Immunology Section; Head, Clinical Parasitology Unit, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [217, 218]

++
++

Katherine L. O'Brien, MDCM, MPH, FRCPC

++

Associate Professor, Center for American Indian Health; Departments of International Health and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland [134]

++
++

Richard J. O'Brien, MD

++

Head, Product Evaluation and Demonstration, Foundation for Innovative and New Diagnostics (FIND), Geneva, Switzerland [165]

++
++

Max R. O'Donnell, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York [168]

++
++

Nigel O'Farrell, MSc, MD, FRCP

++

Ealing Hospital, London, United Kingdom [161]

++
++

Jennifer Ogar, MS

++

Speech Pathologist, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Acting Chief of Speech Pathology at the Department of Veterans Affairs, Martinez, California [e10]

++
++

Patrick T. O'Gara, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Clinical Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [227, 237, e13]

++
++

C. Warren Olanow MD, FRCPC

++

Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York [372]

++
++

Andrew B. Onderdonk, PhD

++

Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e22]

++
++

Chung Owyang, MD

++

H. Marvin Pollard Professor of Internal Medicine; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan [290, 296]

++
++

William Pao, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Cancer Biology, and Pathology, Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [89]

++
++

Umesh D. Parashar, MBBS, MPH

++

Lead, Viral Gastroenteritis Epidemiology Team, Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [190]

++
++

Shreyaskumar R. Patel, MD

++

Center Medical Director, Sarcoma Center; Professor of Medicine; Deputy Chairman, Department of Sarcoma Medical Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [98]

++
++

David L. Paterson, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Queensland Centre for Clinical Research; Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia [150]

++
++

Gustav Paumgartner, MD

++

Professor Emeritus of Medicine, University of Munich, Munich, Germany [311]

++
++

David A. Pegues, MD

++

Hospital Epidemiologist, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California [153]

++
++

Anton Y. Peleg, MBBS, PhD, MPH, FRACP

++

Infectious Diseases Physician, Senior Lecturer, and NHMRC Biomedical Fellow, Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, The Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [150]

++
++

Florencia Pereyra, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Infectious Disease Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e23, e24]

++
++

Michael A. Pesce, PhD

++

Professor Emeritus of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York [Apéndice]

++
++

Clarence J. Peters, MD

++

John Sealy Distinguished University Chair in Tropical and Emerging Virology; Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology; Department of Pathology; Director for Biodefense, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [196, 197]

++
++

Gerald B. Pier, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine (Microbiology and Molecular Genetics), Harvard Medical School; Microbiologist, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [120]

++
++

Ronald E. Polk, PharmD

++

Professor of Pharmacy and Medicine; Chairman, Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia Campus, Richmond, Virginia [133]

++
++

Richard J. Pollack, PhD

++

Research Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Boston University; Research Associate, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts [397]

++
++

Andrew J. Pollard, PhD, FRCPCH

++

Professor of Pediatric Infection and Immunity; Director of the Oxford Vaccine Group, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom [143]

++
++

Reuven Porat, MD

++

Internal Medicine Department, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Centre; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel [16]

++
++

Daniel A. Portnoy, PhD

++

Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California [139]

++
++

John T. Potts, Jr., MD

++

Director of Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [353]

++
++

Lawrie W. Powell, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine; Director, Centre for the Advancement of Clinical Research, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia [357]

++
++

Alvin C. Powers, MD

++

Joe C. Davis Chair in Biomedical Science; Professor of Medicine, Molecular Physiology, and Biophysics; Director, Vanderbilt Diabetes Center; Chief, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [344]

++
++

Daniel S. Pratt, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [42, 302]

++
++

Michael B. Prentice, MB ChB, PhD, MRCP(UK), FRCPath, FFPRCPI

++

Professor of Medical Microbiology, Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland [159]

++
++

Darwin J. Prockop, MD, PhD

++

Director and Professor, Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, Texas [363]

++
++

Stanley B. Prusiner, MD

++

Director, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Professor, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [383]

++
++

Howard I. Pryor, II, MD

++

Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Organ Fabrication, Center for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [69]

++
++

Thomas C. Quinn, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Senior Investigator, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [176]

++
++

Gil Rabinovici, MD

++

Attending Neurologist, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e10]

++
++

Daniel J. Rader, MD

++

Cooper-McClure Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [356]

++
++

Sanjay Ram, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [144]

++
++

Reuben Ramphal, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida [152]

++
++

Kumanan Rasanathan, MBChB, MPH, FAFPHM

++

Technical Officer, Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade, and Human Rights, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland [e1]

++
++

Neil H. Raskin, MD

++

Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [14]

++
++

Anis Rassi, Jr., MD, PhD, FACC, FACP, FAHA

++

Scientific Director, Anis Rassi Hospital, Goiânia, Brazil [213]

++
++

James P. Rathmell, MD

++

Associate Professor of Anesthesia, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [11]

++
++

Mario C. Raviglione, MD

++

Director, Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland [165]

++
++

Sharon L. Reed, MD

++

Professor of Pathology and Medicine; Director, Microbiology and Virology Laboratories, University of California, San Diego Medical Center, San Diego, California [e25]

++
++

Susan E. Reef, MD

++

Medical Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [193]

++
++

Richard C. Reichman, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York [185]

++
++

John J. Reilly, Jr., MD

++

Executive Vice Chairman; Department of Medicine; Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [260, e34]

++
++

John T. Repke, MD

++

University Professor and Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Obstetrician- Gynecologist-in-Chief, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania [7]

++
++

Victor I. Reus, MD, DFAPA, FACP

++

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine; Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [391]

++
++

Joseph Rhatigan, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Professor, Harvard School of Public Health; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [2]

++
++

Peter A. Rice, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts [144]

++
++

Stuart Rich, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [250]

++
++

Gary S. Richardson, MD

++

Senior Research Scientist and Staff Physician, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan [27]

++
++

Elizabeth Robbins, MD

++

Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e46]

++
++

Gary L. Robertson, MD

++

Emeritus Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [340]

++
++

Russell G. Robertson, MD

++

Vice President for Medical Affairs, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science; Dean, Chicago Medical School, Chicago, Illinois [80]

++
++

Dan M. Roden, MD

++

William Stokes Professor of Experimental Therapeutics; Assistant Vice- Chancellor for Personalized Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee [5]

++
++

James A. Romano, Jr., PhD, DABT

++

Senior Principal Life Scientist and Technical Fellow, Science Applications International Corporation, Frederick, Maryland [222]

++
++

Karen L. Roos, MD

++

John and Nancy Nelson Professor of Neurology and Professor of Neurological Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana [381]

++
++

Allan H. Ropper, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Executive Vice Chair of Neurology, Raymond D. Adams Distinguished Clinician, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [274, 377, 378]

++
++

Roger N. Rosenberg, MD

++

Zale Distinguished Chair and Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [373]

++
++

Myrna R. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Neurology and Chief, Division of Neuro-oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [101]

++
++

John H. Rubenstein, MD, PhD

++

Nina Ireland Distinguished Professor in Child Psychiatry, Center for Neurobiology and Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [390]

++
++

Michael A. Rubin, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah [31]

++
++

Steven Rubin, MS

++

Acting Principal Investigator, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland [194]

++
++

Robert M. Russell, MD

++

Professor Emeritus of Medicine and Nutrition, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [74]

++
++

Thomas A. Russo, MD, CM, FIDSA

++

Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Immunology; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York [149, 163]

++
++

Anna Rutherford, MD, MPH

++

Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e56]

++
++

Edward T. Ryan, MD, DTM&H

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health; Director, Tropical and Geographic Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [128, 156]

++
++

Miguel Sabria, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona; Chief, Infectious Diseases Section, Germans Trias I Pujl Hospital, Barcelona, Spain [147]

++
++

David J. Salant, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine; Chief, Section of Nephrology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [284, 285]

++
++

Martin A. Samuels, MD, DSc(hon), FAAN, MACP, FRCP

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Chairman, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e43, e47]

++
++

Philippe Sansonetti, MD, MS

++

Professor, Collège de France; Institut Pasteur, Paris, France [154]

++
++

Jussi J. Saukkonen, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [168]

++
++

Edward A. Sausville, MD, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine; Deputy Director and Associate Director for Clinical Research, University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland [85]

++
++

Mohamed H. Sayegh, MD

++

Raja N. Khuri Dean, Faculty of Medicine; Professor of Medicine and Immunology; Vice President of Medical Affairs, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; Visiting Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School; Director, Schuster Family Transplantation Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [282]

++
++

David T. Scadden, MD

++

Gerald and Darlene Jordan Professor of Medicine, Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Harvard Medical School; Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [66]

++
++

Anthony H. V. Schapira, DSc, MD, FRCP, FMedSci

++

University Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University College London; National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen's Square, London, United Kingdom [372]

++
++

Howard I. Scher, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College; D. Wayne Calloway Chair in Urologic Oncology; Chief, Genitourinary Oncology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York [94, 95]

++
++

Anne Schuchat, MD

++

Director, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [122]

++
++

Marc A. Schuckit, MD

++

Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California [392]

++
++

H. Ralph Schumacher, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [333]

++
++

Gordon E. Schutze, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics, Section of Retrovirology; Vice President, Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative at Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas [158]

++
++

Stuart Schwartz, PhD

++

Professor of Human Genetics, Medicine and Pathology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [62]

++
++

Richard M. Schwartzstein, MD

++

Ellen and Melvin Gordon Professor of Medicine and Medical Education; Associate Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts [33]

++
++

William W. Seeley, MD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [371]

++
++

Michael V. Seiden, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine; President and CEO, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [97]

++
++

Julian L. Seifter, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [289]

++
++

David C. Seldin, MD, PhD

++

Chief, Section of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine; Director, Amyloid Treatment and Research Program, Boston University School of Medicine; Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [112]

++
++

Andrew P. Selwyn, MD, MBCHB

++

Professor of Medicine Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [243]

++
++

Ankoor Shah, MD

++

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [321]

++
++

Steven D. Shapiro, MD

++

Jack D. Myers Professor and Chair, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [260]

++
++

Kanade Shinkai, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [55]

++
++

William Silen, MD

++

Johnson and Johnson Professor Emeritus of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Auburndale, Massachusetts [13, 299, 300]

++
++

Edwin K. Silverman, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Channing Laboratory, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [260]

++
++

Martha Skinner, MD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts [112]

++
++

Karl Skorecki, MD, FRCP(C), FASN

++

Annie Chutick Professor in Medicine (Nephrology); Director, Rappaport Research Institute, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology; Director, Medical and Research Development, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel [280, e18]

++
++

Wade S. Smith, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Neurology, Daryl R. Gress Endowed Chair of Neurocritical Care and Stroke; Director, University of California, San Francisco Neurovascular Service, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [275, 370]

++
++

A. George Smulian, MBBCh

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Cincinnati VA Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [207]

++
++

Jeremy Sobel, MD, MPH

++

Medical Officer, Office of Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [141]

++
++

Kelly A. Soderberg, PhD, MPH

++

Director, Program Management, Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina [314]

++
++

Julian Solway, MD

++

Walter L. Palmer Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics; Associate Dean for Translational Medicine, Biological Sciences Division; Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine; Chair, Committee on Molecular Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [252, 264]

++
++

Michael F. Sorrell, MD

++

Robert L. Grissom Professor of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska [307]

++
++

Frank E. Speizer, MD

++

E. H. Kass Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School; Professor of Environmental Science, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts [256]

++
++

Brad Spellberg, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Divisions of General Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor–UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California [205]

++
++

Jerry L. Spivak, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Oncology, Hematology Division, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [108]

++
++

David D. Spragg, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [231, 232]

++
++

Samuel L. Stanley, Jr., MD

++

President, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York [209]

++
++

E. William St. Clair, MD

++

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina [321]

++
++

Allen C. Steere, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [173]

++
++

Robert S. Stern, MD

++

Carl J. Herzog Professor of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School; Chair, Department of Dermatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [55]

++
++

Dennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Boise, Idaho [125, 142]

++
++

Lynne Warner Stevenson, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director, Heart Failure Program, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [238]

++
++

Stephen E. Straus, MD

++

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland [e2]

++

†Fallecido.

++
++

Stephanie Studenski, MD, MPH

++

Professor of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine; Staff Physician, VA Pittsburgh Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [72]

++
++

Lewis Sudarsky, MD

++

Associate Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Director of Movement Disorders, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [24]

++
++

Donna C. Sullivan, PhD

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Mississippi Medical School, Jackson, Mississippi [201]

++
++

Shyam Sundar, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India [212]

++
++

Paolo M. Suter, MD, MS

++

Professor, Clinic and Policlinic of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland [74]

++
++

Richard Suzman, PhD

++

Director, Behavioral and Social Research Program, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Chevy Chase, Maryland [70]

++
++

Morton N. Swartz, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Jackson Firm Medical Service and Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [382]

++
++

Robert A. Swerlick, MD

++

Alicia Leizman Stonecipher Professor and Chair of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [e16]

++
++

Geoffrey Tabin, MD

++

Professor of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah School of Medicine; Director, International Ophthalmology Division, John A. Moran Eye Center; Director, Himalayan Cataract Project, Salt Lake City, Utah [e51]

++
++

Maria Carmela Tartaglia, MD, FRCPC

++

Clinical Instructor of Neurology, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e10]

++
++

Joel D. Taurog, MD

++

Professor of Internal Medicine, Rheumatic Diseases Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [325]

++
++

Stephen C. Textor, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [286]

++
++

C. Louise Thwaites, MD, MBBS

++

Musculoskeletal Physician, Horsham, West Sussex; Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [140]

++
++

Alan D. Tice, MD, FACP

++

Infections Limited Hawaii; John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii [126]

++
++

Zelig A. Tochner, MD

++

Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; Medical Director, Proton Therapy Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [223]

++
++

Gordon F. Tomaselli, MD

++

Michel Mirowski, MD Professor of Cardiology; Professor of Medicine and Cellular and Molecular Medicine; Chief, Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland [231, 232]

++
++

Mark Topazian, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [291, e36]

++
++

Barbara W. Trautner, MD, PhD

++

Assistant Professor, Section of Infectious Diseases, Baylor College of Medicine; The Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Houston, Texas [288]

++
++

Jeffrey M. Trent, PhD, FACMG

++

President and Research Director, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, Arizona; Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan [83]

++
++

Elbert P. Trulock, MD

++

Rosemary and I. Jerome Flance Professor in Pulmonary Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri [266]

++
++

Kenneth L. Tyler, MD

++

Reuler-Lewin Family Professor and Chair, Department of Neurology; Professor of Medicine and Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado; Chief of Neurology, University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, Colorado [381]

++
++

Athanasios G. Tzioufas, MD

++

Professor, Department of Pathophysiology, National University of Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Greece [324]

++
++

Walter J. Urba, MD, PhD

++

Director of Cancer Research, Robert W. Franz Cancer Research Center, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, Oregon [87]

++
++

Joseph P. Vacanti, MD

++

John Homans Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School; Surgeon-in- Chief, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children; Deputy Director, Center for Regenerative Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [69]

++
++

Jos W. M. van der Meer, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Medicine; Head, Department of General Internal Medicine, Radboud University, Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands [389]

++
++

Edouard Vannier, PhD, PharmD

++

Assistant Professor, Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts University School of Medicine; Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [211]

++
++

Gauri R. Varadhachary, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [99]

++
++

John Varga, MD

++

John Hughes Professor of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [323]

++
++

Camilo Jimenez Vasquez, MD

++

Assistant Professor, Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders, Division of Internal Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas [351]

++
++

Joseph M. Vinetz, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California [171]

++
++

Indre V. Viskontas, PhD

++

Visiting Scholar, Memory and Aging Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [e9]

++
++

Panayiotis G. Vlachoyiannopoulos, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine-Immunology, Department of Pathophysiology, Medical School, National University of Athens, Athens, Greece [320]

++
++

Bert Vogelstein, MD

++

Professor of Oncology and Pathology; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [83]

++
++

Everett E. Vokes, MD

++

John E. Ultmann Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine; Physician-in-Chief, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois [88]

++
++

Tamara J. Vokes, MD, FACP

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois [355]

++
++

Sushrut S. Waikar, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [279]

++
++

Matthew K. Waldor, MD, PhD

++

Edward H. Kass Professor of Medicine, Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital; Harvard Medical School and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [156]

++
++

David H. Walker, MD

++

The Carmage and Martha Walls Distinguished University Chair in Tropical Diseases; Professor and Chairman, Department of Pathology; Executive Director, Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [174]

++
++

Mark F. Walker, MD

++

Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine; Daroff-Dell'Osso Ocular Motility Laboratory, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio [21]

++
++

B. Timothy Walsh, MD

++

Professor, Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York [79]

++
++

Peter D. Walzer, MD, MSc

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Associate Chief of Staff for Research, Cincinnati VA Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio [207]

++
++

Fred Wang, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [177, 183]

++
++

John W. Warren, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland [e35]

++
++

Carl V. Washington, MD

++

Associate Professor of Dermatology, Winship Cancer Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia [87]

++
++

Anthony P. Weetman, MD

++

University of Sheffield School of Medicine, Sheffield, United Kingdom [341]

++
++

Robert A. Weinstein, MD

++

The C Anderson Hedberg MD Professor of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical College; Interim Chairman, Department of Medicine, John Stroger Hospital, Chicago, Illinois [131]

++
++

Jeffrey I. Weitz, MD, FRCP(C), FACP

++

Professor of Medicine and Biochemistry; Executive Director, Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis Research Institute; HSFO/J. F. Mustard Chair in Cardiovascular Research, Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Thrombosis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [118]

++
++

Peter F. Weller, MD

++

Chief, Infectious Disease Division; Chief, Allergy and Inflammation Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [215-218, 220]

++
++

Patrick Y. Wen, MD

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts [379]

++
++

Michael R. Wessels, MD

++

John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics; Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Chief, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [136]

++
++

Meir Wetzler, MD, FACP

++

Professor of Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York [109]

++
++

L. Joseph Wheat, MD

++

MiraVista Diagnostics and MiraBella Technologies, Indianapolis, Indiana [199]

++
++

A. Clinton White, Jr., MD

++

Director, Infectious Disease Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas [220]

++
++

Nicholas J. White, MD, DSc, FRCP, F Med Sci, FRS

++

Professor of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand [210, e27]

++
++

Richard J. Whitley, MD

++

Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, Loeb Eminent Scholar Chair in Pediatrics; Professor of Pediatrics, Microbiology, Medicine, and Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama [180]

++
++

John W. Winkelman, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School; Medical Director, Sleep Health Centers, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [27]

++
++

Bruce U. Wintroub, MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California [55]

++
++

Andrea Wolf, MD, MPH

++

Instructor in Surgery, Harvard Medical School; Chief Resident in Cardiothoracic Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e55]

++
++

Allan W. Wolkoff, MD

++

Professor of Medicine and Anatomy and Structural Biology; Associate Chair of Medicine for Research; Chief, Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York [303]

++
++

John B. Wong, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine; Chief, Division of Clinical Decision Making, Department of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts [3]

++
++

Louis Michel Wong Kee Song, MD

++

Associate Professor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota [291, e36]

++
++

Robert L. Wortman, MD, FACP, MACR

++

Professor, Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School and Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire [359]

++
++

Shirley H. Wray, MB, ChB, PhD, FRCP

++

Professor of Neurology, Harvard Medical School; Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e11]

++
++

Bechien U. Wu, MD

++

Instructor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Physician, Division of Gastroenterology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [313]

++
++

Richard Wunderink, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois [257]

++
++

Kim B. Yancey, MD

++

Professor and Chair, Department of Dermatology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas [51, 54]

++
++

Janet A. Yellowitz, DMD, MPH

++

Associate Professor; Director, Geriatric Dentistry, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, Maryland [e12]

++
++

Lam Minh Yen, MD

++

Director, Tetanus Intensive Care Unit, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [140]

++
++

Maria A. Yialamas, MD

++

Instructor, Harvard Medical School; Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts [e54, e56]

++
++

Neal S. Young, MD

++

Chief, Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland [107]

++
++

Victor L. Yu, MD

++

Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [147]

++
++

Laura A. Zimmerman, MPH

++

Epidemiologist, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia [193]

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